Premising that the hedge has been successfully planted, the first thing that will claim attention will be to prevent the disastrous effects of drought, if it occurs during the early part of the season. Doubtless, the most efficient mode that would occur to the mind of the intelligent cultivator, would be mulching. It would certainly prove efficacious, if properly done; but when it comes to mulching several hundred rods of hedge, which often has to be done, especially on our prairies, it becomes rather a formidable task; because the material for mulching so large an amount of hedge can not be very readily obtained. We will state a plan which we have seen adopted, and which proved to be an efficient one. It can be adopted, too, to prevent the ill effects of alternate thawing and freezing during winter, which often occurs in this western country. Our plan is simply to plow along the hedge, with a large mold-board plow, throwing a couple of furrows over the plants, from each side of the hedgerow. When there is no further danger to be feared from the drought, the soil can be partially thrown from the plants by a small mold-board plow, and then finished with the hoe. Cultivate well during the summer to keep down weeds, and to insure a healthy and vigorous growth.

This is of the utmost importance, and should not be neglected.

This brings us to the trimming, which is the most important part of the whole operation of making a good hedge, and should receive that attention from those who contemplate hedging, that it imperatively demands; and there is, too, more diversity of opinion on this part of the subject, than any other connected with the whole operation. We will state our plan, founded on six or seven years' experience; and would ask others, who have been successful, to do likewise, as it is only by a thorough discussion of the subject, disclosing the experience of those who have been successful, that the proper method can be obtained. Never cut the hedge during the first season's growth. The reason for this is evident The plant must become well established before any trimming is done at all. For this reason we recommend to do no cutting until the fall of the second year. There are two exceptions to the latter course. One is, where the plants are growing in an unusually fertile soil. The other, where the season in which the hedge is set is an unusually moist one. In either case, the hedge will make nearly as vigorous a growth in a single season, as it would in two, under ordinary circumstances.

We know it will be a difficult task to convince those who hold to preconceived opinions on the subject; but we only ask a fair and impartial trial, to convince the most incredulous. It is immaterial whether the plants are cut off in the fall, or left to be done early the following spring, if they are to be mulched for protection during winter. It will always bo a benefit to mulch for winter protection, but in many parts of the country it will not be found actually necessary; but in many sections of the western States, alternate thawing and freezing are the cause of much trouble and expense that might be avoided by using proper precaution; but there are seasons here, however, when no damage is done. If the plants are not to receive a covering in winter, do not cut them back till spring.

The cultivation in after seasons must be as efficient as during the first one. We have seen it recommended to sow grass seed along the hedge, after the lapse of a few years. We have never tried it, but think it quite practicable. We would not seed it until about the fifth year. As to implements for trimming, we desire nothing better than a good brush scythe for the first three seasons. After that length of time it will be necessary to have a knife that is manufactured especially for trimming hedges. If the hedge gets two seasons' growth before commencing to trim, as we think it should have, cut down to within three inches of the ground. By the fifteenth or twentieth of June, the plants should make a vigorous growth. Again cut to within four inches of the previous cutting. Choose a moist and cloudy day for this, if practicable; but it will not be necessary to let it go undone, if the weather is fine, as there is but little difference between the two conditions. About the middle of August, cut down to within four inches of that done in June. After frost has killed the foliage, and vegetation ceased, again cut to within four inches of the previous August cutting. This will leave the hedge about one foot high, and will have formed a fine base of lateral branches.

No more trimming will be necessary until the following June, when the same course is to be pursued during the season, and each following one, as recommended for the first. If it is desirable to cut back at the end of the first season, cut as close to the ground as possible in the spring, and do not cut again until the following fall or spring, when it may be cut to within three inches of the previous cutting; and then pursue the same course as recommended for the other. This course, carefully followed up, will place the hedge one foot in height the fall of the third season; and each succeeding year an additional foot to the height of the hedge. It may appear tedious, but we feel satisfied it is the most proper way. After it has attained the height necessary to form a good barrier, it need not be cut but once a year, and that in the fall. The reason for cutting it in early fall is, that it can be done with half the labor it otherwise would require, if deferred until spring, and the wood become hardened.

We have said nothing about trimming the side of the hedge. The growth of the Osage Orange tends so strongly upward, that the hedge requires but very little trimming at the sides, unless it is desirable to keep the hedge within a limited space. If this is the case, the laterals will require some thinning out. If the ends of the laterals are merely trimmed, it will cause too dense a growth, shading the interior of the hedge too much. There will likewise be laterals that will require cutting out entirely, but not very many; and again others that have a tendency to grow more vigorously than some below them. These must be shortened in, to prevent shading those below them. These directions, carefully followed up, can not otherwise than insure success. Many persons will doubtless think these recommendations radical; but such is the vigor of the Osage Orange, if allowed to become well established, that it will not suffer in diminution of growth for several years.