This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The increasing popularity of the strawberry warrants the employment of every means to disseminate a knowledge of the best kinds. The cultivation is well understood; what we want is to know the best. At some expense, we present the frontispiece of the present number, with a view of posting our readers as to some new kinds.
Lith. by Geo Hayrural, New York.
This is an English variety, not prolific, but the few berries it produces are remarkable for size, beauty and delicacy of flavor. It is very distinct in foliage and fruit, seems perfectly hardy and is considered by some an acquisition. Fruit of largest size, nearly globular; light scarlet or crimson color. Our specimen is from Mr. W. Camack's market garden, Washington, D.C. Staminate.
The portrait of this fine fruit is from a berry of medium size, taken from the garden of Mr. John Saul, of Washington', D.C, when the season was nearly over. It attains a greater size frequently, and is there called the best early variety. Medium size, high flavor, bright color, firm flesh, and very productive. The foliage not inclined to burn, and very hardy. A French variety. The objection to trying foreign sorts is disappearing. The engraver calls this berry Vicomte, instead of the correct name, which is Vicomtesse. Staminate.
This fruit we have not tested. The specimen was grown the past season on runners by Mr. Buist. He says of it: " Ingram's Princess Royal Strawberry is pistillate, and the only pistillate variety that has come under my notice of European origin. It is a great bearer; berries of uniform size, highly perfumed and richly flavored. It is also an early variety, of firm flesh, and will bear carriage well. The vines or runners withstand the effects of sun or cold with impunity. It forms a very valuable addition to the strawberry grower, and if we were put down to two sorts, they would be Albany Seedling (Wilson's), and Ingram's Princess Royal. Yours truly, Robert Buist".
This is one of the greatest favorites, and is considered the most productive. It continues in bearing a long time, and being dwarf and compact in its habit of growth, a large crop can be picked from a small plantation. It should hang on the vines until the fruit assumes a dark color, being deficient in flavor when merely red. Pistillate. "Felten's Improved Albany Seedling," is of doubtful superiority, but, it must be added, that we have not seen it, nor has it, that we can learn, been exhibited.
This fine berry originated in Baltimore, and will be for sale by S. Feast & Son. We have seen only the specimen sent us for the purpose of engraving, but we have reason to believe that it will take rank with the best, when known.
A very hardy and strong grower; good bearer, later than most varieties, and therefore valuable as prolonging the strawberry season. Jenny Lind is an early eastern variety which promises well, but must not be confounded with the "Seedling." Pistillate.
This variety has a great reputation at Cincinnati, and in some situations is an excellent berry. Pistillate.
Opinions differ regarding this much-vaunted fruit. We have found it excellent near Philadelphia, but not equal to Wilson's Albany in productiveness. Hermaphrodite. Being of a very luxuriant habit of growth, with large foliage, it must be cultivated in hills; when crowded in beds the crop is always deficient. It is too acid for some tastes.
* See lithographed Frontispiece.
This fine berry is the acknowledged superior among strawberries as the Seckel is among pears. It thrives well on good strong soils, and for amateurs may be classed among the very best. The berry is not large, nor have we found it a great bearer. The birds are pretty good judges, and have been observed to give it a preference over all others. Pistillate.
Other favorites are Hooker, much esteemed; Marylandica according to its admirers, without any rival, and we must say a very superior sort; Pea-tody's Seedling, not equal to expectations, but cultivated as single plants, in hills, rather promising; Triomphe de Gand, a showy fruit of good flavor, bright color, firm flesh, good bearer and very hardy; Kitley's Goliath, one of the best for the south; Alice Maud, good flavor, but excelled by Vicomt-esse; Compte de Flandre, large, early - but Victoria, a seedling from it, is hardier, stronger and stands the roasting suns of the south better, though with less flavor.
In our August number we gave the vote on the five best!kinds for amateurs and the five best for market, taken at the last meeting of the Fruitgrowers' Society Of Western New York. Our selection of half a dozen, taking all things into consideration, at present would be as follows: Hooker* Burr's New Pine, Vicomtesse Hericart de Thury, Wilson's Albany Seedling, Jenny Lind Hovey's Seedling. There are two other strawberries of great promise which we wish to chronicle, Jessie Heed, raised by William Reed, of Port Dalhousie, C.W., and from the same grower, Reed's Grand Hermaphrodite, both of which promise welt and are of the largest size. Ef-orts, not without promises of success, are in progress to bring out "perpetual "bearers, which we shall have something to say about hereafter.