This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Wilson's Albany is grown more extensively here than any other, and fully sustains its reputation for great productiveness, good size and firmness of berry, making it the sort for shipping north. Greatest yield here this season was 5Q bushels from a quarter acre. With best culture a larger crop would undoubtedly be had.
Triomphe de Gand has been fruited by several here this season; fine large fruit, healthy, good grower; hardy enough, but not as productive 'as Wilson by about 40 per cent.
Downer's Prolific Quite productive, fair size; berry rather soft to bear transportation well; a very little earlier than Wilson; is not suitable for hill culture, as it does not bear any better than when allowed to cover the ground; sends up runners in great profusion*
Hooker does not bear as much as Wilson by one-third with same culture and soil; does not average quite as large, but much superior in quality.
Jenny Lind. Only two or three days earlier than Wilson; a pretty fair bearer, but many of the berries small, rather soft, flavor rather insipid to my taste; not suitable for hill culture. My first choice for market is Wilson; second choice Downer's Prolific; first choice for family use Hooker; second choice T. de Gand.
I do not think the "Bartlett," which Mr. Fuller speaks so highly of, has been tried here.
The Strawberry crop of Egypt this season was shipped mostly to Chicago in round quart boxes, and sold at from 15 to 50 cents per quart; average price about 90 cents. Freight from here to Chicago, by express, $1 per 100 lbs.
Our Peach trees are well loaded with fruit in all situations, high and low. Budded trees are bearing as well as seedlings, although but few of our orchards of budded trees have been set more than two or three years. Our most popular early market peach yet tested is Troth's Early Red. This variety ripened here last year a lew days earlier than Serrate Early York, and sold readily in the northern cities at at $2 50 per box, (half bushel).
Serrate Early York bears well, and has been planted largely. Crawford's Early does not sustain its eastern reputation here as a great bearer, Although it does pretty well. But few trees of Early Tillotson in bearing here yet, but those who have fruited it think it higher in quality than either of those named above, but not quite as early as Troth's Early.
Galbraith's Seedling, originated by Mr. Galbraith, of Mount Vernon, 111., is thus described to me by those who have seen the fruit: a little larger than Troth, and fully equal to it in quality; time of ripening about the same; not quite so good a bearer. It has not yet been fruited in this country, but is being propagated and planted considerably a little north of this. "Hale's Early," of Northern Ohio, has not been fruited here, but as it is highly recommended by such men as Dr. Warder, M. B. Bateham, and others, we shall propagate from it quite largely for future planting. It is mid to be very early, of excellent quality and good size. Our later varieties are very numerous. Those most planted are Large Early York, Oldmixon Free, Stump the World, Crawford's Late, Heath Cling, Ward's Late Free, etc. We have several superior Egyptian seedlings, some of them being equal in size and flavor to such as Crawford's Late, but none of them are very early.
[This is another good report from "Egypt." We should be glad to have more such from there and elsewhere. The Hooker is undoubtedly the best flavored berry of all those you name. When grown in a soil that suite it, it bears a good crop, and is then the best of Strawberries for family use; but in some places the product is small. We should be sorry to be without it At the East, the Tri-omphe is usually more profitable than the Wilson as a market berry, besides being much better fruit. We should like to see some of your Egyptian seedling Peaches. - ED].