This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The varieties of strawberries named in your notes in the April number, with the exception of the Lady of the Lake, have yielded to me, personally, twice as much money, and in some instances considerably more than the same number of bushels of Wilson; but the Boyden, Fillmore, Green Prolific, if carelessly handled, may not prove profitable at all. Several growers have, the last two seasons, realized for their Agriculturists and Triumph de Gands thirty-five cents per quart for all they could furnish, while the very best Wilson's brought no more than ten to fifteen cents at the same time. 1 have sold the Green Prolific, French, Fillmore, Barnes, Boyden, at from twenty to fifty cents, and had to be satisfied with ten cento for Wilson. The latter is not my favorite, and does not pay me as well as other kinds do if they are properly attended to, but it is sure to give more satisfaction to a large class of growers who raise clover and strawberries in the same patch, and who ship their fruit in bushel drawers to market.
The President Wilder, with me, is a good berry, but will not stand our climate as far as it has been tested. I took pains to inquire from the different parties who received plants, and not one of them, as far as I could ascertain, have had any good luck with them, every one having less plants in the fall than in the spring or summer. Dr. Warder and other prominent men saw the American and the foreign Wilder on my place last year, at the same time, and the former was sunburned at the time. The foreign variety did not do as badly as the American. It is a beautiful berry, very firm; and one of the latest in my large collection.
One point is certain, the firmness of the home variety has been overstated by Til-ton & Co., its introducers, and overrated by friend Campbell. Mr. Wilder informed me two years ago that he considered it as firm as the Hovey, and this is correct, as Mr. Wilder's statements usually are, but it does not compare in this regard with the Wilson. Louis Ritz.
Mr. Bateham, the Secretary of the Ohio Horticultural Society, makes this report for 1870, of the fruits in his section:
Strawberries were a full crop and of good quality. Generally planted in rows about three feet apart, and the plants eighteen inches apart in the rows, letting the runners grow, and taking off two crops, then plowing up and re-setting on fresh land. Yield sometimes good-often poor. Some growers take pains to keep the runners off the plants, and the crops are thereby much improved ; the plants also continue longer in good bearing condition. The Wilson is the principal variety grow here for market. The Jucunda has been tried and not found profitable with our usual mode of culture. But with liberal manuring, keeping off the runners and mulching, I am confident it will be found superior to all others. I have been very successful with manuring my strawberry grounds with chip manure and fish offal (this contains no weed seeds).