This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Under this name, at the recent meeting of the American Pomological Society, Mr. Allan W. Corson, of Montgomery county, Penn., exhibited specimens of a fine pear, supposed to have originated in that county; and which, after a careful examination by the committee on native fruits, was reported to the Society as a pear of the "best" quality. The same gentleman, in 1851, sent specimens of this variety to the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society; and so favorable an impression did it make, that Mr. Corson was desired to furnish us with all the information he could obtain, in regard to its history. In compliance with this request, the following particulars were communicated by him:
About sixteen years ago, Mr. Charles Styer, of White Plain township, Montgomery county, residing some fifteen miles from Philadelphia, engaged a man to make a fence for him. Mr. Styer happened, at the time, to say something about having some pear stocks grafted; on hearing which, the fence-maker said he knew where there was a fine kind, and would bring him some of the scions. He accordingly fulfilled his promise, and the scions were inserted; but it was never known where He obtained them, and he died without imparting the information. From these grafted trees, however, the variety has been propagated to some extent in that neighborhood.
The Styer is represented to be an abundant bearer of fair and perfect fruit, commanding a high price.
Fruit - medium size, about two and a half inches long by two and three-quarters wide. Form - roundish. Skin - green, becoming yellow, with many russet dots and markings. Stalk - three-fourths of an inch long, varying in thickness from one-sixteenth to one-eighth of an inch, and inserted in a small shallow cavity. Calyx - almost obsolete. Basin - narrow, moderately deep. Core - medium. Seed - blackish or very dark brown, short, rather plump, with a slight prominence or angle on one side of the broad extremity. Flesh - yellowish white, somewhat gritty at the core, buttery, melting. Flavor - exceedingly rich and perfumed. Period of maturity about the first of September.
[American Pomology is greatly indebted to Dr. Brinckle for his able and zealous efforts in the introduction of native fruits. To him do we owe our knowledge of the Kingsessing, the Lodge, the Ott, and many other of the best native fruits, especially those of Pennsylvania. He has not contented himself with seeking and bringing to notice chance seedlings of merit, but has by skilful hybridization originated some valuable acquisitions. Some of his raspberries are already well known; but we have heard of one of which little has yet been said, that promises to be a beautiful and fine fruit, and quite distinct. It is, we believe, called the Orange. It is now being propagated extensively in Philadelphia.
Pennsylvania is at this moment quite awake (as a great State with such a soil and climate ought to be) on the subject of fruit culture. We were strongly impressed with this daring the session of the Pomologicai Society last autumn. Dr. Brinckle has done much to arouse this spirit. A glance into his album enabled us to judge of the extent and minuteness of his researches. He possesses much of the spirit of the late Dr. Van Mons, the great Belgian pomologist.
We are happy to present from his pen a description and account of this fine Pennsylvania pear, the Styer. It came before us, on the committee of seedling fruits, at the late meeting of the American Pomological Society, and we were much pleased with it, as all were who saw and tasted it. We carried some specimens home with us, and although quite ripe when we left Philadelphia, on our arrival at home we found it perfectly sound and its flavor unimpared. It possesses considerable distinctness, a quality to which we assign some importance. The Doyenne Robin, a new foreign sort, resembles it more than any other that we recollect at present; but the stalk of this is twice as long as that of the Styer, and the skin of the latter has a peculiar marking of russet].