This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
If large and choice well-flavored fruit is wanted of any kind, it must be thinned out, removing a few at a time from every part of the tree, so as to leave the residue pretty evenly distributed. The work can not be all performed at once, and it therefore should be commenced early in the season, the operator going over his trees, bushes, or vines from time to time, removing now one here, now one there, as the eye meets it, and the evidence appears of the advantage obtained by its removal. Early thinning, before the strength of the tree or vine is taxed in the stoning or seeding, will avail much more than the same course afterward.
Camellias should remain in the greenhouse until growth ceases and the wood becomes brown. Give air plentifully, and less moisture, to avoid a second growth, which is likely to occur if the plants are kept in a close, warm, moist atmosphere. As soon as the wood is mature, the plants may be put out of doors, in a partially shaded place, where they will not receive the full sun after ten o'clock a. m. -Those who have large collections will find it to their advantage to construct a sort of a shed with the sides and roof of lath placed about an inch and a half apart. This will admit sufficient light and air on all sides, as well as the rain. Some of our large florists and nurserymen have used such structures much to their advantage for the summer protection of many varieties of green-house plants.
Newly planted trees or shrubs are much benefited by a mulching a couple of inches thick placed around them at this season. We have found the newly mown grass from the lawn an admirable material. If put in place while green, it wilts down, keeps its place, and is not liable to be blown about by winds, as is the case if leaves or straw litter are used. The grass at this time has no seeds that will germinate, and when decayed in the fall may be dug in with advantage to the future growth of the tree.