This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The eighth session of this society includes two meetings, one at Cincinnati in September last, and one at Columbus in December. The official report makes a pamphlet of sixty-four pages, filled with matter of a suggestive character, and embracing reports from various counties possessing various climates and soils; the inhabitants of each, interested in the topics, will of course possess themselves of the transactions; some recommendations of fruits to be cultivated, etc, we take pleasure in disseminating.
The address of President Ernst is a lucid one, and deserves attention. Alluding to the mildew and rot of the grape, he says the fact that varieties which were healthy and peffooted their fruit uniformly, do not do so now is suggestive of something wrong in their treatment, and he asks, "Is not the plant enfeebled in its power to produce fruit by the severe pruning to which it is subjected in our climate?" The valley of the Ohio he considers well adapted to the general culture of fruit, both for soil and climate, shelter, hill and dale, springs and streams, and that there they have, as yet, but few of the insects of the older sections of the Union to contend with, though some of the most mischievous have been imported in the egg, or chrysalis form, with trees, especially the peach worm, bark louse, and others.
Though immense numbers of trees are annually planted, the demand for fruit much more than keeps up with the supply, and prices are on the advance. Nurseries of hundreds of acres each, both here and in Europe, find a ready market for their trees in the great West. One gentleman said that every tree in his nursery fit to go out last fall, was sold in advance, and he was obliged to turn many customers away. There has been a growing feeling in Ohio that the trees brought into the State on the recommendations of their value in other sections, were not adapted as a general thing, to Ohio, and the eastern nurserymen are now turning their attention to the cultivation of varieties known to be valuable in the West.
Cook's Seedling Peach, a very large and beautiful freestone, resembling Crawford's late, ripens a few days earlier, a fine bearer, admirably suited for marketing. The Griffith, a large, yellow flushed kind, and a new seedling promising well, were commended. Carter's Large is a good market variety, a hardy and sure bearer. Other varieties are commented on, but we must refer to the pamphlet.
The Rebecca was received from Dr. Grant, and " although not ripe, the fruit is handsome and good." The Hall Grape, larger and better than Clinton. Berries of medium size, dark color; not equal to Isabella. A supposed seedling grape presented by W. D. Kelly, of Ironton, Ohio, is spoken of without decision. Mr. Negley reported that a German had planted a vineyard near Pittsburg of foreign kinds; the first crop was free from mildew, and Mr. Bateham, the excellent secretary, said it was not uncommon for European grape vines to bear one or two crops of fair fruit, but after the second or third crop the fruit almost invariably mildews.