This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
This pamphlet furnishes very gratifying evidence that the Association from which it emanates has fairly entered upon a career of great usefulness. The nurserymen and fruit growers of the west stand in peculiar need of such an organization. They have a soil and climate differing, in most of their important features, from older portions of the country whence their varieties of fruits and systems of culture have been introduced; and every year's experience shows them more and more conclusively that, to be successful, they must have a system of culture as well as a selection of varieties adapted to their own circumstances. To collect any reliable information on these points, an annual consultation, such as this association brings about, is the most effective mode that could be adopted. It brings together the most experienced and observing men, and enables them to compare failures and successes, their systems of management and suggestions for improvement.
The experience so far acquired is so limited, and the views so various and conflicting, tha the proceedings of the two meetings hold do not throw much light on West-era pomology, or at least do not guide us to any general conclusions of a satisfactory nature, either as regards modes of culture or the success or failure of any considerable number of varieties of fruits. The apple only has been discussed - all the other fruits remaining untouched. The Association, however, has done all that could be expected of it. It has made an excellent beginning; its usefulness is in the future. We look forward to the next meeting in Chicago, on the first Tuesday in October, 1853, with much interest; an if it were not so late in the season, would gladly meet our western friends on that occasion.
The committee appointed at the opening of the meeting (consisting of Dr. L. 8. Pennington, Cyrus Brtant, C. R. Overman, H. S. Finley, and A. R. Whitney,) to recommend a list of fruits for discussion and for cultivation in the west, reported the following:
Carolina Red June; Early Pennock; Keswick Codlin, for culinary purposes; Sweet June; Hocking, (local name).
Rambo; Maiden's Blush, (market and culinary); Gravenstein; Snow; Porter.
Autumn Strawberry; Monarch; Fall Pippin, best fruit, but bearing variable; Sweet Nonsuch, (local name); Red Gilliflower.
Yellow Bellflower; Rawles' Janet, in favorable localities; Willow Twig, prolific and profitable; Fallawater, (known as Mountain Pippin); White "Winter Pearmain; Dominie; Winesap.
Belmont; Talman Sweet, as a baking apple; Vandervere.
Detroit Red; Roxbury Russet; Ladies' Sweeting; Baldwin; Rhode Island Greening; Jonathan; Hubbardston Nonsuch; Swaar, (best fruit)
We shall hereafter refer to the discussions on these varieties. The following is the list of officers for this year:
JOHN A. KENNICOTT, President. Robert Avery, Arthur Bryant, W. H. Looms, Vice Presidents.
F. K. PHCENIX, Corresponding Secretary, Samuel Edwards, Recording Secretary. Arthur Beyant, Treasurer.
A Treatise on Western Pomology, by F. R. Elliot, of Cleveland, is spoken of in the western papers as soon to make its appearance.
British Pomology; or the History, Description, Classification, and Synonyms, or the Fruits and Fruit Tun of Great Britain. By Robert Hogg.
We have received Part I of this work, devoted to the apple. It describes 942 varieties - a snug little list. When we have had leisure to look it over, we may cull something interesting from it.
The North American Sylva of Michaux, with Nuttal's supplement, has been published in six splendid royal octavo volumes, by Robert P. Smith, of Philadelphia, with notes by J. Jay Smith, Esq. It contains 277 finely colored copperplate engravings. It is a work that should be in every library in America. We shall soon give some extracts from the work, and a specimen of the plates.
The fourth volume of Humboldt's Cosmos is finished, and in the hands of the publisher. We way expect it soon.