This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Where Isabella fails this will succeed; does well south of the north line of Pa.; Mr. Cabot has grown it in Salem, Mass., unprotected: hardy as Isabella, and ripens as well; wood is strong; grows best on moderately rich soils. Mr. Walker: Strong vine; fruit fine; a tender grape on the Hudson; I cut down wood to 4 or 6 eyes and bury the vine in winter. Fruit superior; many are here out of doors; like Black Hamburg, and was taken for it in Boston. List of promises well.
This variety has not yet fruited here; it is very vigorous in its growth, but so far as tested, has not proved as hardy as the other native grapes, but it may become so when fully established. Its fruit is larger than Isabella and a little earlier.
Larger than Isabella, but not so good.
A beautiful dark-colored wine; not much body or strength; will make a fine, light summer drink. Alcohol 5 1/2 per cent.
These wines were all made from the grapes, without the addition of sugar or any other substance. The grapes are gathered when very ripe, and all green, broken, and decayed berries are picked out and thrown aside. All the apparatus that belongs to wine-making is kept in perfect order, and cleanliness is a prominent feature in the vineyards of Messrs. Mottier and Schneike, as it always should be in every establishment where good wine is expected to be made. The wines of Cincinnati have already become so celebrated that they sell for a much higher price than many of our imported wines. Large quantities of poor Rhine wines have been imported and taken to Cincinnati, and there put upon the lees of the Catawba and fermented with them, and then sold for Catawba wine, and at a profit; for Catawba will bring $1 25 per gallon, and cheap claret can be had for 50 cents, after paying the duty which has been imposed on such wines the year past.
To show that our pure native wines are not so strongly alcoholic as many of our common drinks, we will give the amount of alcohol that some of these beverages contain. Of course they vary much in different specimens, but this list will show nearly the average:
Currant wine, -
20 per cent.
9 per cent.
- 7 1/2 "
The lowest Rhine wines,
The range recently introduced by Bramhall and Hedge possesses some features which make it desirable as an appendage to the country home, more especially where warm water is in demand, and this is generally the case. The consumption of fuel in actual use is comparatively small, and this is a matter of no small moment. Inventors of ranges should more frequently have an eye to the wants of the country.