This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We use from three to five tons of salt hay per acre on our field, spreading it evenly over the surface of the ground. If applied before winter comes on, the tops of the plants are covered one to one and a half inches deep. Sometimes we do not cover at all during the winter, but spread it between the rows during blossoming time next spring.
We find our fruit ripens up much earlier, while, when picking time comes, the coolness of the mulch and the consequent moisture fill out our berries to good, large size, and bright, handsome, crimson color. By manipulating our mulch rightly, we can direct the ripening of our fruit either a week earlier or a week later; but, in every case, we find it adds heavily to the product over lands not mulched, at the same time producing berries of better size, color, and free from sand or grit. No small fruit farm can afford to do without a good and liberal use of muck. In the West, three tons of prairie hay will be sufficient.
Is desirable on account of its hardiness and its rapid growth - its deep green foliage changing into a rich crimson in autumn - rather than for its flowers, which are inconspicuous.
Remove the trees very carefully in the spring, about the time of its first growth. Do not allow the roots to get dry.
A summer-house, such as you propose, may be erected by employing cedar poles, Ac, according to plans dispersed through the volumes of the Horticulturist, which you are good enough to say yon have been "a lover of since its first publication".
The Double-flowering Almond. This plant is especially desirable on account of its early and profuse blooming. It grows about thirty inches high, and spreads somewhat. There is also a double white variety.
The oldest Elm in Vermont is at Vernon Centre, and is still growing thriftily. An old gentleman in the neighborhood distinctly remembers seeing a load of lumber drawn over it, and seeing the rubbed sapling spring back into place. This was more than 80 years ago, and that sapling is now six feet four inches in diameter.
In providing manures and special fertilizers for the asparagus, very few realize bow greatly it is benefited by the application of potash. The following analysis will give some new ideas to those who want to know what the asparagus plant feeds upon. It is an analysis of the ashes, and not the fresh or air dry matter: Potash, 20.48; soda, 2.89; lime, 13.15; magnesia, 3.24; peroxide of iron, 4.22; silica, 9.99; sulphuric acid, 5.72; phosphoric, 10.03; carbonic, 25.71; chlorine, 3.21; loss, 1.35 - 100.
Near New Orleans, this pear is mentioned as first on the list for productiveness, size, color and flavor.
The following are the dimensions of a grand old yew tree growing on the Marquis of Bath's estate, in Wiltshire, England: Height, 50 feet; circumference of branches, 164 feet; spread of branches from north to south, 53 feet, from east to west, 60 feet; girth of stem one foot from the ground, 32 feet; smallest girth of stem, 24 feet 6 inches; length of stem, 7 feet. Under ordinary circumstances, the age of yew trees may be approximately guessed at by allowing a century for every foot in diameter of stem; thus this remarkable old tree may safely be calculated at from 1,100 to 1,200 years old. It is a growing, healthy tree, rather cone-shaped, and is very dense in foliage.