This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Allow me to ask, What amount of injury did any one ever know to have been caused by this bleeding, of which grape-growers stand in such dread?
J. S. Stickney, president Wisconsin Horticultural Society, in his last annual address, said: "Observation for the past three years has driven me, much against my will, to believe that both pears and apples are much safer from blight where fully exposed to the winds than when sheltered by trees or buildings, and for pear trees would suggest that they be planted on the highest good soil at command, and exposed to all the winds that blow." If any protection is necessary, he says it should be to protect the trunks of the trees on the side exposed to the Bun, which scalds the bark, and the thawing in winter causes the trees to crack open. This can be prevented by shading with a board or hemlock bark.
Pear trees should be watched carefully at this time for the Appearance of blight. Without asserting that amputation of the limb is a remedy or preventive, we can safely say that, as it must be done some time, the sooner done on appearance of disease the better. We have practiced cutting the branch a foot or more below any visible sign of disease, and in some cases have entirely checked its •progress.
Mr. Bliss's new seed Catalogue for 1871, has swelled beyond its original proportions of past years, and is now a volume of dignified sue, as well as practical contents. Several new engravings have been added this year; we may name Truffant's Poeony flowered Aster, and the Ipomoea Coccinea. Four colored plates are introduced - English Pansies, the new Beet, Dark Red Egyptian, the Lilium Auratum, and the Trophy Tomato. Our lady readers often speak highly of the good quality of everything obtained from Mr. Bliss's warehouse, and hence we feel a pleasure in commending his enterprise.
A capital pear, of the first quality. The tree grows well; bears abundantly; the fruit of small medium size; yellow russet, in color; juicy and high flavored. My earliest pear, so far.
This is one of the best pears of the season. It is of good size, high flavored, bears abundantly and regularly, and being very early, is a valuable orchard and garden fruit. It was brought to notice about 1835, by James Bloodgood, a nurseryman in Flushing. Farther back than this its history cannot be traced. Like other early pears, its quality is bettered by being ripened in the house. In our garden, a standard tree about fourteen years old, bears from four to six bushels every year. The fruit generally sells at the rate of $2 per bushel; but this year, the market being full of peaches, they brought only $1.50 per bushel. They were picked August 8th.
About a week subsequently we received the Bloom Grape from Mr. Merceron. Being struck with its resemblance to the Creveling, we compared the two, and could perceive no difference between them. We have no doubt are one and the same.