This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
"We have received from Mr. Buckley, of Williamstown, Mass., a sample of his seedling potatoes. They boil dry and mealy, and are of a rich, delicate flavor, superior, in our opinion, to the Peach Blow. The County Agricultural Society measured off an acre, and found the yield to be some 560 bushels! Who beats it? We purpose sending for a barrel of that seed.
We were much pleased to receive a specimen of this new genus of American Shrubs. The plant seems to have been known for some time to botanists, but so imperfectly as not to have been properly placed until comparatively recently. It was named by Dr. Torrey in compliment to Mr. S. B. Buckley, and described by Dr. Gray, in 1847; and writing of the plant in 1854, Dr. Gray says it proved perfectly hardy in the Cambridge Massachusetts Botanical Garden. The flowers are small and very insignificant, but the foliage is very pretty, reminding one at first sight of Fraxinus Centiscifolia.
Those of your readers who possess a strong plant of Gloire de Dijon, will be well repaid if they devote a part of it to Marshal Niel. Two years since I budded a shoot about half-standard high; last year by closely pinching all the shoots I formed a bushy head, which this year is a glorious cluster of blooms. The stock appears to have sufficient influence to color the outer petals of a rosy buff closely resembling the Gloire de Dijon; the inner petals are the deepest yellow, and the flowers are wonderfully solid and well-formed. - T. F. R., in Cottage Gardener.
" McKinney, Warren Co. O." The sweet cherries, such as Purple Guigne, etc., do perfectly well on the Mo rello stocks. It is perhaps best to bud or graft them near to the ground; but if worked up three or more feet high, we have known them to continue healthy an< productive over twenty years. The result and value of Morello as a stock is to bring the tree into early bearing and to produce a dwarf habit, the sap being mostly ex pended in forming fruit buds instead of wood growth.
This beautiful plant is from the Himalayas, at an elevation of 5500 to 7500 feet above the level of the sea; it bears the winters in England with only the protection of a wall, and flowers from the beginning of February until May, scenting the atmosphere around with its fragrance.
We prefer to propagate from vigorous, healthy trees on pear stocks, though it is perfectly safe to take buds or grafts from healthy trees on quince stock. The difficulty is, that on the latter the trees bear so early and so abundantly as to become enfeebled, unless very well managed.
Size - large. Form - pyriform, slightly contracted in the neck; somewhat obtuse. Stem - rather stout, about one inch in length. Color - a clear green until mature, when the skin assumes a pale, handsome yellow, generally without any blush, and with but few traces of russet. Flesh - melting, tender, and juicy. Flavor - sacharine, tolerably rich. Season - September 15th to October 15th. Quality "very good." Tree - grows well, on both Pear and Quince; comes early into bearing, and makes a fine, pyramidal tree. Mr. Leroy advertises this as a new variety, but it has long been known in other collections.
BEURRE NANTAIS. BEURRE BACHELIER.