This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Two years ago last spring I went out into the woods, and from different localities got some black raspberry bushes. I set out three rows in my garden, and when they came into bearing found a number of varieties, some of them being very fine, like the ever-bearing, while others were worthless. Altogether, at one picking, I obtained over three bushels from the three rows, 109 'feet long.
One of the first colleges in the land is in want of a competent person to fill the above position. If there are any such among our readers, they would do well to refer to advertisement in our advertising columns.
The Prairie Farmer chronicles a St. Ghislain pear-tree, on quince root, standing in the grounds of Mr. W. H. Hausen, twenty-five feet high, ten inches in diameter, and finely proportioned, from which forty dollars' worth of fruit has been sold this season.
Apples that fall from the tree in an unripe condition, those that are wormy or half decayed, may all be made of value by gathering, mashing, and pressing out the juice for making vinegar. It is best to gather and mash them and then leave them in a tub for a few days, until they get soft and soured somewhat, before pressing. The juice, with the addition of a little sorghum molasses, makes capital vinegar, almost, if not quite, equal to that made from ordinary cider.
Three thousand bushels were recently picked from 3| acres of land near Berlin, Wis. From 40 acres on the Carey Marsh, 3,200 barrels were picked, worth $3 per bushel. The Carey Brothers employ 1,400 hands this season in picking. The daily picking by hand is one to five bushels. Price paid 75 cents per bushel. One week's picking among Berlin laborers amounted to $25,000.
Mr. Samuel Modara, of Harrisonville, near Philadelphia, has demonstrated the capacities of a good family garden. From a piece of ground measuring one and one-fourth of an acre of land after deducting expenses, he realized the value of the following produce: Onions, $106.98; tomatoes, $42.12; beans, $33.55; grapes, $18.56; blackberries, $2.70; pears, $7.00; asparagus, $10.42; four bushels of onion sets, $24.00; ten bushels of turnips, $4.00; carrots, $2.50; celery, $3.00 - total, $254.53. The family used also out of the garden during the season, not included in the above.
We should say after such an experiment as that " Samuel, come up higher.9
As a rule, governmental agriculture is proverbially unprofitable, but it is a pleasure to record any instance of remarkably good management.
The finest kitchen garden in Europe is that at Versailles, France. It belongs to the State, and brings in a yearly revenue of about 20,000 francs from the produce of the sale of fruits and vegetables. It was originally laid out by La Quintinge, gardener to Louis XIV.
The Legislative Assembly have now determined to make it a model market garden and school of horticulture and general garden instruction.