This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Mr. Hovey: Very excellent pear; tree one of the most thrifty and best form; leaf never drops; bears a moderate crop; when ripe, very fine; ought to be added to list for general cultivation. Mr. Field: Fine pyramid, without pruning. Mr. Wilder: Produces well; no forest tree is more hardy or holds leaves better. Mr. Buist: One of the best for foliage, hardiness and keeping qualities. Mr. Frost: Very fine. Carried to list for general cultivation.
Fruit, above medium to large in size, ovate obtuse pyriform; color, greenish yellow, with considerable brownish red in the sun and many dull russet specks; stem, stout, often inserted with a lip; calyx, medium, closed; basin, deep, regular, furrowed, or with compressed ribs; flesh, white, coarse-grained, especially near the core, melting, sweet, juicy, rich aromatic; core, small; seeds, dark brown. Season, September and October.
Fig. 72. - St. Michael Archange Pear.
The St. Michael Archange is a variety of the pear long introduced, and yet comparatively but little known. Wherever it is grown, it is found to steadily gain in favor because of the vigorous, upright form of the tree, its relative hardiness, and uniform good quality of its fruit. It is also a productive bearer, and grows well on the quince.
We have long needed standard measures for selling our fruit. A basket has never meant any thing positive, and the artful way they have been filled by raised bottoms, etc., have been sources of much fraud to buyers. The Fruit Packers Board of Trade at Baltimore, Md., whose members purchase large quantities of peaches and tomatoes, recently adopted a standard measure, as follows: That the standard bushel for peaches shall be a box 9 inches deep, 14 inches wide, and 22 1/2 inches long, in the clear, with half-inch partition - that the standard half bushel for tomatoes shall be a basket 10 inches deep, 10 1/2 inches across the bottom, and 15 inches across the top - and that the barrel for measuring peas shall hold not less than two and a half standard bushels.
There is still another feature in Fuchsia-growing worthy of notice. After you have succeeded in growing fine plants, choose one of each variety of the tallest plants, and cut off all the branches close to the stem, from two to five feet, leaving about a foot to break at the top; shake them well out, and repot them into a much smaller pot, so that while making its growth it can be shifted two or three times before the blooming season. The shoots must be pinched back so as to form a good head. The contrast with next season's bushy plants will be very striking. Some varieties are not adapted for standards on account of their dwarf habit, but there are enough to make a good variety, and that will repay for the trouble taken with them.