This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The present unprofitable condition of peach culture can not be better illustrated than in the case of a gentleman of Cambridge, Md., who sent to market peaches to the value of $2,169, but only received net $266.18, the difference having gone for freight and commissions. When will growers learn that there is a limit to fruit production ?
Nearly black green shiny leaves, all edged with crimson.
Size, medium; form, obovate pyriform; color, yellow, with a crimson cheek - handsome and prolific; quality, very good; ripe in October.
A Geneva gardener has succeeded in keeping his currant and gooseberry bushes free from the currant worm by mulching heavily with coal ashes. The ashes also have another value not expected, viz.: keeping the ground cool and moist, so that even English gooseberries will bear heavy crops without sign of mildew. We judge also the use of coal ashes would be good for asters which need cool soil also.
A lady correspondent of the Cottage Gardener, who signs herself "Kate," says : "The fruit trees in my orchard house have been much blighted this year; tops of the young shoots curl up. I have, I think, destroyed the fly now. Not being able to smoke the house in the ordinary way, I have used a lady's crinoline. I bought a cheap one covered with* glazed calico, pulled it up round a pole, making it as close as possible. It is just the size to cover one of Mr Rivera's miniature trees. I use Gedney's Fumigator, and leave on the crinoline till the next morning. I then syringe the trees. The fly has no chance against the tobacco in so small a space, and the tree does not appear the worse." For standard trees we suggest the use of that style of crinoline sometimes worn in New York omnibuses.
In one of the French hospitals at Cannes, the Doctors have tried, instead of lint, Eucalyptus leaves. The leaves have a catty smell, and are merely laid on the wounds of the injured soldier. The balsamic nature of them not only cures, but after a few hours, all the unpleasant odor of the matter ceases.
The President thought charcoal a very valuable material to use as an absorbent of manure; His apple trees, planted on charcoal beds, are very much improved indeed, and were probably twice as large as the others in the neighborhood.
Mr. Harris, of Rochester, asked if there was not considerable ashes in the soil, and was answered in the affirmative.
Dr. Beadle had used pure charceal as a manure, and could not see that it produced any effect. Thought its principal benefit was owing to the burnt earth, which was always found in old charcoal beds, and which was found in England to be very valuable for fruit trees.
Dr. Sylvester, of Lyons, had found considerable benefit from it. Thought muck a material very similar to charcoal, producing very similar effects.
The Commissioner of Patents has sent Mr. Glover to Florida, where he is to pass some months in studying the insects pernicious or beneficial to rice, tobacco, sugar cane, orange, the cotton plant and other staple vegetables. Mr. Glover's investigations into the habits of the destructive insects in the Middle States will be published in the next agricultural report.