This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
At the last meeting of the American Pomological Society, held in Philadelphia on the 11th, 12th, and 13th of September, 1860, the following resolutions were Offered by P. Barry, and unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That, in conformity with the recommendations of the President in his Annual Address, and of the General Chairman of the Fruit Committee, Samuel Walker, Esq., at the last meeting of the Society in the City of New York, a Local Committee of five be appointed in each State and Territory, which shall be charged with the duty of preparing a Catalogue of the fruits in its own locality, on the same general plan as the Society's Catalogue, due regard being had to soil, climate, position, and other circumstances affecting the tree and fruit, and that the Chairmen of such Local Committees shall be the Chairman of the State Committee, with power to appoint his associates.
Resolved, That a special Committee be appointed by the Chair at this time, to whom these various local Committees shall make their report during the year 1861; and that such Special Committee be charged with the duty of compiling from the Local Catalogues, prepared by the various Local or State Committees, and from the present Catalogue of the Society, full lists of all the fruits therein named, properly classified and arranged, with due regard to nomenclature and terminology, and shall submit the same at the next biennial session of this Society for its consideration and action.
The Committee appointed to carry out the objects of these resolutions have issued a circular, which we here append. To the Chairmen of the several Local or State Committees of the American Pomological Society:
Dear Sir: At the last meeting of the American Pomological Society, held in Philadelphia on the 11th, 12th, and 13th of September last, (I860,) action was taken upon the revision of the Society's Fruit Catalogue, as will be seen by the subjoined extract from the proceedings, and the undersigned were appointed a Special Committee to receive the Reports or Catalogues of Local or State Committees, classify and arrange the same, and submit them to the Society at its next biennial session, to be held in Boston in 1862.
It is therefore our duty to request you, as Chairman in your State, to organize your Committee, and enter upon the work of preparing your Catalogue at once, so that it may be transmitted to us some time during the ensuing year, 1861, as provided in the resolution.
In preparing your Report or Catalogue, you will please observe that the arrangement of the present catalogue of the Society is to be followed as closely as possible, giving:
1st A list of varieties suitable for general cultivation in your State, or such other region or district of country as your committee represents;
2d. A list of such new or newly introduced varieties as promise well;
3d. A list of such as are known to be valuable for special purposes, as for marketing, or for particular soils and localities only.
It is the design and aim of the Society to make its Catalogue so comprehensive and accurate that it may become the standard of American Pomology; hence it is important that Committees exercise the greatest care in preparing their lists, accepting such information only as they know to be perfectly reliable.
It will be understood that no varieties are to be classed for " General Cultivation "within any State or locality, upon brief or partial experiment, but must be generally and successfully cultivated for a considerable period of time. In the case of those classed for particular localities or purposes, the nature of these particulars should in all cases be given if possible.
Trusting you will find it convenient to give prompt attention to this work, we remain, very respectfully, P. Barry, Chairman, J. S. Cabot, L. E. Berckmans, J. A. Warder, Chas. Downing, William Reid, Marshall P. Wilder, Pres, ex-officio, Committee.
This, as we have heretofore said, is the most important movement yet made by the Society, and if faithfully and judiciously carried out, will be productive of most valuable results. The task is a laborious one, but we trust the Committees will set themselves about it with energy. The duty of the Committee, as we understand it, is not only to arrange and classify the fruits, but to determine their proper names and orthography; at least the catalogue, in these particulars, would seem to require no little revision. We purpose throwing into the form of an article some suggestions which we suppose may be of service to the Committee.