The reluctance shown by this class of people to give a little time and labor to the production of Vegetables for the use of their families, is most surprising. They appear to think the employment altogether beneath their attention. It may be all very well for the women to engage in it, but to suppose that the farmer himself would do so is deemed almost absurd Ask a farmer why he does not set off a piece of his land as a Kitchen Garden wherein to raise a plentiful supply of agreeable and wholesome vegetable, and in nine cases out of ten he will reply, "Oh, I have not the time, and cannot afford the labor.' Now this is altogether a misapprehension. For what purpose has he time at all, but to euppoit comfortably himself and those dependent upon him? (higher aims always supposed.) If therefore, the product of the kitchen garden will (and who doubts?) most materially add to the comfort and health of a family, and at a far lower cost than the yield of a field, to grudge a little time and trouble is surely inconsiderate if not unreasonable.

Very long is the list of choice edibles; a small lot of ground so devoted will afford Asparagus, Sea Kale, Cress, Lettuce, Peas, Beans, Squash, Onions, Cabbages, Cauliflowers, Carrots, Salsify, Parsnips, Beets, and Tomatoes, besides many useful herbs. A few days' labor in the year would suffice to give an abundance of these things. Probably there is no one who could raise them to greater advantage than the farmer. In most cases he can choose a suitable soil, and he never need lack manure. Indeed, he ought to have these rich gifts of nature in their highest condition. No one can doubt but that vegetables would contribute to the health and enjoyment of the farmer and his household. Through the greater part of the year he eats salt pork, which is apt to engender scrofula and kindred diseases. It is owing to this extreme use of salt provisions, without the counter tendency of vegetables, that such diseases are so prevalent If he must feed so much upon salt meat, he ought to provide that which would prevent its injurious effects. I find that such people have no reluctance to eat of them when presented, but do so apparently with as great relish as others, while they neglect their cultivation. The expense of growing vegetables is small. Let us take Asparagus as an example.

The bed once made will last a lifetime, and two or three dollars will obtain a sufficient stock of plants from any nurseryman.

If these things contribute to the health of a family, so they do to its enjoyment How much they cheapen the cost of living, they know best who are careful and industrious enough to grow them. - Clericus.

The above, from a friend in Canada "West, is entitled to careful consideration; for no one can be truly said to live who has not a Garden. None but those who have enjoyed it can appreciate the satisfaction - the luxury - of sitting down to a table spread with the fruit of one's own planting and culture. A bunch of Radishes - a few heads of Lettuce - taken from the garden of a summer's morning for breakfast - or a mess of green Peas or Sweet Corn - is a very different affair from the same articles brought in large quantities from market in a withering condition, to be put away in the cellar for use. And a plate of Strawberries or Raspb rries lose none of their peculiar flavor by passing directly from the "border to the cream, without being jolted about in baskets until they have lost all form and comeliness. And yet, how many farmers, with land enough lying waste to furnish them with all these luxuries - and how many more in the smaller cities and villages, possessing every facility for a good garden - -either through ignorance or indolence are deprived of this source of comfort. These things ought not so to be. Those who have never tried it will be surprised to find how rich is the return for labor bestowed. But we would not advise the attempt to do too much.

A correspondent writes that he "tried his hand at a vegeof which he could procure seed." The result was unsatisfactory, as might have been expected. It is not well to attempt too much at first, A few articles well cultivated afford pleasure; a large collection poorly cared for is a source of annoyance.

The present month is the time to get things in order, and as the first work is the making of Hot-beds, sash, frames, etc, should be made ready. A new subscriber, a young friend in Ohio, requests us to give, simple directions for making a hot-bed, just for family we, unless we consider it a matter so well understood that the room it occupied would be wasted to most of our readers." The many questions we have asked by hundreds of new subscribers, shows us that many are turning their attention to gardening who never gave the subject a thought before, and that the simplest directions in the most ordinary practice are eagerly sought for, and really needed. We therefore comply with the request of our correspondent, giving the system we usually practice, and have before recommended.

Every one should have a hot-bed, if it were only to forward a few plants for the garden. The too prevalent opinion is, that they are expensive and difficult to manage, requiring the skill of the professional gardener. Both suppositions are entirely erroneous. A hot-bed may be constructed by any man of ordinary ingenuity. A frame of about 12 feet long and 6 wide, which will allow of 4 sashes, each 3 feet wide, will be found large enough for any family. It should be made of common two-inch plank - the back about 3 feet high, the front about half that, the ends having a regular slope from back to front. This will give an angle sufficient to throw off rain, and give the full benefit of external heat and light to the plants within. If the beds are narrower, the front must be higher in proportion. The sides and ends are simply nailed to a strong post, four inches square, placed in each corner. For the sash to rest and slide upon, a strip six inches wide is placed upon the frame, the ends morticed or sunk in the sides of the frame, so as not to cause a projection. The sashes are made in the ordinary way, but without cross bars; and in glazing, the lights are made to overlap an eighth or quarter of an inch, to exclude rain.

Such a frame, costing but a mere trifle beyond the labor, will last for years, and furnish all the Cabbage, Tomato, Celery, Cauliflowet, Pepper, Melon, and Cucumber plants needed, with a sprinkling of early Radishes, etc. Where so large a frame may not be wanted, an old window may be used for sash, and all expense of glazing avoided. The annexed figure will convey an idea to those unaquainted with it. One of the sashes is moved down as in admitting air, and another laid off entirely.

Hot-beds should occupy a dry situation, where they will not be affected by the lodgment of water during rains or thaws. They should be exposed to the east and south, and be protected by fences or buildings from the north and northwest. Where it is intended to merely grow plants for transplanting to the garden, they may be sunk in the ground to the depth of eighteen inches, and in such a case require not more than two feet of manure; but when forcing and perfecting vegetables is designed, a permanent heat must be kept up, and the bed must be made on the surface, so that fresh and warm manure may be added when necessary. A depth of three to four feet of manure will in such cases be wanted. Manure for hot-beds requires some preparation. It should be fresh stable manure, placed in a heap, and turned and mixed several times, promoting a regular fermentation. It is thus made to retain its heat a long time; otherwise it would burn and dry up, and become useless.

The Farmers Neglect Of The Kitchen Gaarden 40040

The mold should be laid on as soon as the bed is settled, and has a lively regular-tempered heat Lay the earth evenly over the dung about six inches deep. Radishes and Lettuce require about a foot of earth. After it has lain a few days it will be fit to receive the seed, unless the mold has turned to a whitish color, or has a rank smell, in which case add some fresh earth for the hills, at the same time holes should be made by running down stakes, to give the steam an opportunity to escape.

Those who wish to force Cucumbers, etc., should begin, in this section, if the weather is favorable, by the 1st of March. For raising plants, the middle is time enough.