Olive. The species europaea is the wild Olive, which is cultivated for its oil. It is a shrub growing up to six feet high, with white flowers in July. In northern climes it should have a warm, sheltered place. Fragrans is the same as Osmanthus fragrans. Peat and loam.
Handsome evergreens, of which the best known are stellulata (syn. Eurybia Gunniana), height up to four feet, white flowers in late spring or early summer, a very beautiful but not hardy shrub (Olearia Gunnii or Gunniana of gardens is the same); and Haastii, three to four feet, white, very free, late summer, the hardiest, if cut by frost breaks up again rapidly. Others are angustifolia, white, sweet; argophylla, white, woolly, musk-scented leaves; dentata, white, yellow centre, not hardy; Forsteri, white, summer, not quite hardy; insignis, white, yellow centre, not hardy; macrodonta, silvery leaves, white fragrant flowers; nearly hardy; nummulariaefolia, cream flowers and thick stemless leaves, nearly hardy; and Chathamica which was exhibited by a Cornish amateur, the Rev. A. T. Boscawen, in London in 1913, when it received a Botanical Certificate from the Royal Horticultural Society; the leaves are lanceolate, dull green, downy below; the flowers single, soft lilac, about two inches across. The less hardy Olearias may be grown on wall borders. Ordinary soil.
Fig. Sprays of the Star-Bush. Olearia stellata. Photo by R. A. Malby.
Fig. An uncommon Star-Bush. Olearia macrosepala. Photo by R. A. Malby.