Of the several shrubs in this genus, fruticosa, growing up to two feet high, with purple flowers in summer, is the best known; it is deciduous, and suitable for the rock garden. Rotundifolia, a dwarf shrub with rose flowers in summer, is also met with. Ordinary soil.
Useful evergreens, thriving in town and seaside gardens and good for winter bedding. The most important is ilicifolius, which is generally offered as a species, although really a variety of Aquifolium; it is a shrub growing up to four feet high, with dark, Holly-like leaves and white flowers in August. There are silver-variegated and golden variegated forms of ilicifolius, also a dark, purpureus. My rtifolius has no spines. The species fragrans is the same as Oleafragrans. The Osmanthuses do best in sandy loam.
Anthyllidifolia is an evergreen growing up to three feet high, with white flowers in summer, but it is only safe out of doors in mild districts. Loam.
Japonica is the same as Ilex intégra, an evergreen with white flowers in summer.
Macrocarpus, a creeping shrub with pink flowers in May, followed by fruits, is the American Cranberry. Palustris (syn. vulgaris) is the common Cranberry. Moist peat.
Rosmarinifolius is a half-hardy evergreen with yellow flowers. Loam and peat. It is now united to Helichrysum by botanists.