It must be understood-as there is a difference in strength between some of the English and some of the American preparations - that the doses ordered of the different preparations, are of those preparations (Tinctures, etc.), prepared according to the British Pharmacopoeia, and not the American, unless specially so stated.

Doses For Adults, Males Over 21 Years. Purgatives Or Cathartics

Some of these, as Manna or Magnesia, only act as purgatives when taken by children; if taken by grown persons, even in large doses, they would only be laxatives.

Doses.

Aloes...........

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Black Draught............

A Wineglassful.

Blue Pill.............

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Cassia Pulp...(Laxative).....

A piece the size of a Walnut.

Calcined Magnesia... (Laxative)...

A Tablespoonful.

Calomel.............

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Carbonate of Magnesia. (Laxative)..

A Tablespoonful.

Castor Oil......

One Ounce.

Colocynth........

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Compound Colocynth Pill.........

Prom 5 to 10 Grains.

Compound Decoction of Aloes......

From a Tablespoonful to a Wine-

glassful.

Compound Decoction of Senna.....

A. Wineglassful.

Compound Extract of Colocynth..

• •

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Compound Rhubarb Pill......

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Compound Tincture of Senna (Daffy's Elixir). A Wineglassful.

Confection of Senna (Lenitive Electuary). A large Teaspoonful.

Croton Oil (according to quality).

From a tenth of a drop to two

drops.

Elaterium.........

A Quarter to Half a Grain.

Extract of Rhubarb.........

From 5 to 15 Grains.

Fluid Magnesia.........

A Wineglassful.

Gamboge.........

From 2 to 4 Grains.

Hiera Piecra (Aloes with Canella)...

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Infusion of Senna (Senna Tea)......

A Wineglassful.

Jalap Powder.........

From 20 to 30 Grains.

Manna.......(Laxative)

Half an Ounce.

Milk of Sulphur,.. (Laxative)...

From one to two Teaspoonfuls.

Podophyllin......

Of the powdered Root, 24

Grains; of Extract, 1/4 Grain to one Grain.

Pills of Aloes.......

From 5 to 15 Grains.

Pills of Aloes and Iron........

From 5 to 15 Grains.

Pills of Aloes and Myrrh.......

From 5 to 15 Grains.

Rhubarb Powder.......

20 to 25 Grains.

Scammony..........

From 5 to 15 Grains.

Sulphate of Magnesia (Epsom Salts)

).From Half an Ounce to an

Ounce.

Sulphate of Soda(Glauber Salts)

From Half an Ounce to an

Ounce.

Sulphate of Potash.......

,From 1 to 2 Drams.

TartaratedSoda...(Rochelle Salt)..

From 2 to 3 Drams.

Tartrate of Potash.........

From a Quarter to Half an

Ounce..

Tincture of Aloes and Myrrh......

From 1 to 2 Drams.

Tincture of Jalap.........

From 2 to 4 Drams.

Tincture of Rhubarb...........

Two Tablespoonfuls.

Wine of Aloes............

From 1 to two Tablespoonfuls.

Astringents

Medicines which contract the animal 'fibre, and thus restrain and arrest Fluxes, Haemorrhages, Diarrhoea, etc.

Doses.

Alum......

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Aromatic Powder of Chalk and Opium, From 10 to 20 Grains.

Aromatic Sulphuric Acid (Elixir of Vitriol). .From 10 to 30 Drops.

Chalk Mixture........

A Tablespoonful.

Compound Chalk Powder (Aromatic Powder of Chalk). From 30

to 60 Grains.

Compound Catechu Powder........

From 15 to 30 Grains.

Compound Cinnamon Powder........

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Compound Kino Powder.........

From 5 to 20 Grains.

Compound Infusion of Roses.......

A. Wineglassful.

Compound Tincture of Bark..........

From a Teaspoonful to a Table-

spoonful.

Compound Tincture of Benzoin (Fryar's Balsam). From 20 to 30

Drops.

Ergot of Rye........

From 20 to 30 Grains.

Extract of Catechu......

From 10 to 30 Grains.

Extract of Logwood.......

From 20 to 40 Grains.

Extract of Rhubarb..........

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Gallic Acid.........

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Infusion of Rhatany.......

From 1 to 2 Ounces.

Infusion of Ergot........

A. Wineglassful.

Nitrate of Silver........

A. fourth of a Grain (in a pill),

gradually increased.

Nitric Acid diluted.......

From 10 to 30 Drops.

Nitro-Hydrochloric Acid diluted...

From 10 to 20 Drops.

Peruvian Bark in Powder......

From 10 to 30 Grains.

Sugar of Lead...........

Prom 1 to 2 Grains.

Sulphate of Copper............

A Quarter of a Grain, (with 1/4

Grain of Opium) in a pill.

Sulphate of Zinc.........

From 1/4 Grain to a Grain.

Sulphuric Acid diluted.......

From 10 to 30 Drops.

Sulphurous Acid..........

From 20 to.30 Drops.

Tannic Acid.........

From 2 to 10 Grains.

Tincture of Catechu........

From 30 to 60 Drops.

Tincture of Galls.......

From 1 to 2 Drams.

Tincture of Kino.......

From 1 to 2 Drams.

Tincture of Perchlorido of Iron.........

From 10 to 30 Drops.

Wine of Iron...........

From a Teaspoonful to a Table-

spoonful.

Tonics

Medicines which invigorate the Circulation and give tone and strength to the system, and thus relieve debility.

Doses.

Acetate of Iron (Tincture of).............

From 20 to 60 Drops.

Arsenical Solution (Fowler's Solution)........

10 Drops.

Bromide of Iron (Solution of).............

20 Drops.

Carbonate of Bismuth...........

From 15 to 30 Grains.

Cayenne Pepper............

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Charcoal in Powder.............

A Teaspoonful.

Citrate of Iron and Ammonia...........

5 Grains.

Citrate of Iron and Quinine.........

5 Grains.

Cod Liver Oil.........

From a Teaspoonful

to a Tablespoonful.

Compound Tincture of Bark (Huxham's Tincture of Bark). 2 Drams.

Compound Infusion of Gentian.........

Two Tablespoonfuls.

Compound Infusion of Orange Peel.........l

A Wineglassful.

Compound Mixture of Iron,..........

From 2 to 4 Table-

spoonfuls.

Compound Tincture of Gentian............

From 1 to 2 Teaspoon-

fuls.

Dilute Hydrochloric Acid........

From 20 to 30 Drops.

Extract of Chamomile.........

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Extract of Gentian............

From 10 to 15 Grains.

Extract of Hop........

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Extract of Rhatany..........

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Extract of Pareira...

From 10 to 25 Grains.

Infusion of Calumba..........

A Wineglassful.

Infusion of Cascarilla..........

A Wineglassful.

Infusion of Chamomile,..........

A Wineglassful.

Infusion of Hop..........

From 1 to 3 Table-

spoonfuls

Infusion of Matico..........

A Wineglassful.

Infusion of Orange Peel...........

A Wineglassful.

Infusion of Quassia..........

A Wineglassful.

Infusion of Seneka........

From 2 Tablespoon-

fuls to a Wineglassful.

Infusion of Serpentaria............

From 2 to 3 Table-

spoonfuls.

Infusion of Wild Cherry Bark..........

A Wineglassful.

Iodide of Iron..........

1 Grain, gradually

increased.

Muriate of Ammonia, (Sal Ammoniac)........

From 5 to 30 Grains.

Muriated Tincture of Iron..........

From 10 to 30 Drops.

Mustard..........

A Teaspoonful (spread

on roast or boiled beef).

Peruvian Bark in Powder.......

From 10 to 30 Grains.

Phosphate of Iron..........

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Phosphate of Lime..........

From 10 to 30 Grains.

Pills of Aloes and Iron........

From 10 to 15 Grains.

Precipitated Carbonate of Iron.........

From 5 to 20 Grains.

Salicine............

From 2 to 6 Grains.

Subnitrate of Bismuth.........

Five Grains, gradu-

ally increased.

Sulphate of Iron.......

1 or 2 Grains.

Sulphate of Quinine.........

From 1 to 5 Grains.

Sulphuric Acid dilute........

From 10 to 30 Drops.

Tincture of Calumba........

A Teaspoonful.

Tincture of Capsicum...........

A Teaspoonful.

Tincture of Cascarilla.........

A Teaspoonful.

Tincture of Hop..........

A Teaspoonful.

Tincture of Orange Peel............

A Teaspoonful or two.

Tincture of Quassia..........

A Teaspoonful.

Tincture of Rhubarb and Gentian.........

1 or 2 Teaspoonfuls.

Tincture of Serpentaria........

A Teaspoonful.

Wine of Iron.......

From a Teaspoonful to

a Tablespoonful.

Stimulants

Medicines which excite the brain and nervous system, and thereby increase their irritability and energy.

Doses.

Ammoniated Tincture of Guaiacum.......

A Teaspoonful or two,

(in syrup).

Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia, (Spt. Sal. Volatile). From 30 to 60

Drops.

Camphor..................

From 5 to 8 Grains.

Camphorated Spirit...............

Prom 10 to 30 Drops,

(in syrup).

Camphor Water, (Camphor Mixture, Camphor Julep), A Wine-

glassful.

Carbonate of Ammonia..............

5 Grains.

Compound Tincture of Cardamoms...........

1 to 3 Teaspoonfuls.

Compound Spirit of Horseradish........

From 1 to 3 Tea-

spoonfuls.

Compound Tincture of Lavender........

1 to 2 Teaspoonfuls.

Cubebs in powder............

10 Grains.

Muriate of Ammonia...........

From 5 to 30 Grains.

Solution of Ammonia.............

From 10 to 30 Drops,

(in water.)

Spirit of Nutmeg........

1 or 2 Teaspoonfuls.

Spirit of Ether.........

1 or 2 Teaspoonfuls.

Tincture of Ginger...........

From 1 to 3 Tea-

spoonfuls.

Antispasmodics

Medicines which, by their action on the nervous system, allay spasm.

Doses.

Ammoniated Tincture of Valerian..

1 or 2 Teaspoon fuls.

Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia.......

From 30 to 60 Drops.

Aromatic Confection......

A Teaspoonful.

Assafoetida.......

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Assafoetida Mixture......

1 or 2 Tablespoonfuls.

Cajeput Oil......

From 1 to 5 Drops.

Calabar Bean.......

From 1 to 3 Grains.

Compound Assafoetida Pill........

From 10 to 15 Grains.

Essence of Peppermint........

A Teaspoonful (on Sugar)

Foetid Spirit of Ammonia......

20 or 30 Drops.

Galbanum........

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Hay Saffron.........

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Infusion of Ginger........

A Wineglassful.

Musk........

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Myrrh......

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Oil of Anniseed........

From 5 to 10 Drop.

Oil of Carraway.......

From 5 to 10 Drops.

Oil of Cinnamon.........

From 5 to 10 Drops.

Oil of Cloves........

From 3 to 6 Drops.

Oil of Peppermint......

From 5 to 8 Drops.

Oil of Pimento (Allspice)......

From 10 to 15 Drops.

Peppermint Water.........

A Wineglassful.

Spirit of Ether.......

1 or 2 Teaspoonfuls.

Tincture of Assafoetida...

From 20 to 30 Drops,

Tincture of Castor......

From 30 to 60 Drops,

Narcotics And Sedatives

Medicines which diminish sensibility and allay pain, and in sufficient doses produce sleep.

Doses.

Acetate of Morphia.......

One-sixth of a Grain.

Bromide of Ammonia........

From 10 to 15 Grains.

Bromide of Potash........

From 10 to 15 Grains.

Chloroform.........

A Tablespoonful (in Syrup.)

Compound Tincture of Camphor(Paregoric), 1 or 2 Teaspoonfuls.

Confection of Opiun.....

From 20 to 40 Grains.

Creosote..........

1 or 2 Drops in a Tablespoonful

of Syrup, or made in a Pill with Crumb of Bread.

Extract of Aconite..........

1 or 2 Grains.

Extract of Belladonna...........

A Quarter of a Grain.

Extract of Hemlock.........

2 Grains.

Extract of Henbane........

5 Grains.

Extract of Hop.........

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Extract of Indian Hemp.........

1/2 a Grain, gradually increased.

Extract of Poppies........

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Doses.

Hydrate of Chloral........

From 10 to 15 Grains.

Hydrocyanic Acid diluted......

From 1 to 2 Drops.

Infusion of Wild Cherry Bark.....

A Wineglassful.

Laudanum(Tincture of Opium)......

From 20 to 30 Drops.

Muriate of Morphia........

One-sixth of a Grain.

Mixture of Chloroform........

A Tablespoonful.

Opium.........

From a 1/4 Grain to a Grain.

Spirit of Chloroform........

From 10 to 60 Drops.

Stramonium..........

(To Smoke in Asthma.)

Sulphate of Morphia.........

One-sixth of a Grain.

Syrup of Poppies...........

A Tablespoonful.

Tincture of Arnica..........

From 30 to 60 Drops.

Tincture of Belladonna...........

From 15 to 30 Drops.

Tincture of Colchicum Seeds.........

From 30 to 60 Drops.

Tincture of Digitalis.........

From 10 to 15 Drops.

Tincture of Hemlock..........

From 30 to 40 Drops.

Tincture of Henbane..........

From 30 to 40 Drops.

Tincture of Hop........

A Teaspoonful or two.

Wine of Colchicum Root.......

From 10 to 30 Drops.

Wine of Opium........

From 20 to 30 Drops.

Diaphoretics Or Sudorifics

Medicines which open the pores of the skin, and produce sweating.

Doses.

Antimonial Wine.........

From 20 to 30 Drops.

Compound Tincture of Camphor (Paregoric). From 30 to 40 Drops.

Compound Ipecacuanha Powder (Dover's Powder,) 10 Grains at

bedtime.

Infusion of Sage........

A Teacupful.

Solution of Acetate of Ammonia.......

1 or 2 Teaspoonfuls.

Expectorants

Medicines Which Promote The Discharge Of Mucus From The Throat, And Thus Assist And Soften A Cough.

-

Doses.

Antimonial Wine.........

From 10 to 20 Drops.

Balsam of Tolu (Tincture).......

From 20 to 30 Drops.

Candied Horehound.......

From 2 to 4 Drams.

Compound Squill Pill........

10 Grains at bedtime.

Compound Tincture of Camphor (Paregoric)..

From 20 to 30 Drops.

Extract of Liquorice........

1 or 2 Drams.

Gum, Ammoniacum.......

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Ipecacuanha Wine......

From 10 to 20 Drops.

Mixture of Ammoniacum.......

A Teaspoonful.

Mucilage of Gum Arabic........

A Teaspoonful.

Oxymel of Squills........

A Teaspoonful.

Squill in Powder.........

1 or 2 Grains.

Syrup of Squills........

A Teaspoonful.

Stramonium.......

(To Smoke.)

Tincture of Lobelia........

From 15 to 20 Drops.

Carminatives

Remedies Which Dispel Flatulency, And Allay Pain Of The Stomach And Bowels.

Doses.

Aromatic Confection......

A Teaspoonful.

Aromatic Powder of Chalk and Opium...

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Carraway Water........

A WineglassfuL

Cinnamon Water..........

A WineglassfuL

Compound Chalk Powder (Aromatic Powder of Chalk). From 30

to 60 Grains.

Compound Cinnamon Powder.......

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Compound Tincture of Camphor (Paregoric)

.From 1 to 2 Drams.

Compound Tincture of Cardamoms........

.From 1 to 4 Drams.

Confection of Orange Peel.........

A Teaspoonful.

Essence of Peppermint.........

From 20 to 40 Drops.

Oil of Carraway..........

From 3 to 10 Drops.

Oil of Cinnamor..............

From 2 to 5 Drops.

Peppermint Water.......

A WineglassfuL

Spirit of Nutmeg........

A TablespoonfuL

Tincture of Ginger..........

A Teaspoonful.

Tincture of Orange Peel.........

1 or 2 Teaspoonfuls.

Diuretics. Medicines Which Increase The Discharge Of Urine

Doses.

Acetate of Potash.......

Prom 20 to 40 Grains

Balsam of Copaiba.........

From 20 to 30 Drops.

Carbonate of Lithia..........

From 3 to 6 Grains.

Citrate of Lithia...........

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Cream of Tartar........

1 or 2 Drams.

Cubebs in Powder..........

10 Grains.

Extract of Dandelion..........

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Extract of Pareira.........

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Infusion of Buchu.........

Two Tablespoonfuls.

Infusion of Uva Ursi...........

Two Tablespoonfuls.

Nitre.......

From 3 to 5 Grains.

Solution of Potash.......

From 10 to 15 Drops.'

Squills Powdered.........

From 2 to 5 Grains.

Sweet Spirit of Nitre........

From 30 to 60 Drops,

Syrup of Squills.............

A TablespoonfuL

Tincture of Buchu.........

From 1 to 2 Drams.

Tincture of Digitalis..........

From 10 to 15 Drops. .

Tincture of Squills...........

From 20 to 30 Drops.

Alteratives

Remedies which very gradually re-establish a healthy state of the constitution.

Doses.

Arsenical Solution (Fowler's Solution)......

10 Drops.

Bicarbonate of Soda.......

10 Grains.

Doses.

Burnt Sponge..........

From 1 to 2 Drams.

Compound Calomel Pill (Plummer's Pill)....

5 Grains.

Compound Decoction of Sarsparilla........

A Wineglassful or two.

Compound Rhubarb Pill.......

From 6 to 10 Grains.

Compound Tincture of Iodine......

From 15 to 20 Drops.

Infusion of Bittersweet......

Two Tablespoonfuls.

Iodide of Iron.......

1 Grain, gradually in-

creased.

Iodide of Mercury........

1 Grain.

Iodide of Potash.......

From 2 to 5 Grains.

Mercury with Chalk (Gray Powder)....

From 5 to 8 Grains.

Precipitated Sulphuret of Antimony......

From 1 to 2 Grains.

Sulphur....

From 1 to 2 Drams.

Solution of Iodine......

6 drops.

Solution of Potash............

10 to 15 Drops.

Emmenagogues

Medicines which promote the secretion of the menstrual discharge.

Doses.

Compound Mixture of Iron........

2 Tablespoonfuls.

Pills of Aloes and Iron........

10 Grains.

Pills of Iron and Myrrh.........

From 10 to 15 Grains.

Tincture of Aloes and Myrrh.......

1 or 2 Teaspoonfuls.

Wine of Iron (Steel Wine)........

From 1 to 3 Teaspoonfuls.

Febrifuges

Medicines which diminish the heat of the body, and abate fever.

Doses.

Antimonial Powder (Dr; James's Powder)..

5 Grains:

Antimonial Wine.......

15 or 20 Drops.

Borax........

From 10 to 20 Grains.

Citrate of Magnesia...........

A Teaspoonful.

Citric Acid.........

5 Grains.

Cream of Tartar........

5 to 10 Grains.

Diluted Hydrochloric Acid (Muriatic Acid..

10 Drops.

Ipecacuanha Wine.......

10 or 15 Drops.

Nitre.....

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Neutral Mixture.........

A Tablespoonful.

Rochelle Salt.......

30 Grains.

Solution of Acetate of Ammonia.....

A Teaspoonful:

Sulphate of Quinine........

From 1 to 3 Grains,

Sweet Spirit of Nitre........

20 or 30 Drops.

Tartaric Acid........

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Antacids

Remedies which will correct Acidity- either in the stomach, where it is commonly called heartburn, or in the system generally.

Doses.

Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia......

20 or 30 Drops.

Bicarbonate of Potash..........

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Bicarbonate of Soda.........

From 5 to 10 Grains.

Calcined Magnesia.........

From 5 to 20 Grains.

Carbonate of Magnesia.......

From 5 to 20 Grains.

Carbonate of Ammonia........

From 3 to 10 Grains.

Chalk Mixture........

A Tablespoonful.

Lime Water.......

A Wineglassful.

Prepared Chalk.........

From 5 to 20 Grains.

Solution of Ammonia........

10 Drops.

Solution of Potash

From 10 to 15 Drops.

Emetics. Medicines Which Evacuate The Stomach By Exciting Vomiting

Doses.

Antimonial Wine........

A Tablespoonful every

ten minutes.

Ipecacuanha Powder........

20 or 25 Grains.

Ipecacuanha Wine........

A Tablespoonful every

ten minutes.

Infusion of Chamomile (Chamomile Tea).....

A. Teacupful or two.

Mustard.....

A Tablespoonful in a

cup of water.

Sulphate of Zinc..........

From 10 to 30 Grains.

Tartar Emetic.............

From 1 to 2 Grains.

Anthelmintics Or Vermifuges

Medicines which destroy Worms in the intestines, or expel them from the body.

Doses.

Cowhage (orCowitch)........

From 5 to 10 Grains,

in syrup.

Decoction of Pomegranate Root Bark.....

A Wineglassful.

Infusion of Kousso........

From 4 to 8 Ounces.

Infusion of Pink Root........

A Quarter of a Pint.

Liquid Extract of Male Fern..........

30 Drops.

Male Fern Root, in powder..........

From 1 to 3 Drams.

Oil of Turpentine..........

From a Dram to an

Ounce.

Pomegranate Root Bark, in powder......

From 20 to 30 Grains.

Santonin............

Two or three Grains.

Demulcents

Medicines which lubricate and protect the coats of the alimentary canal.

Almond Mixture: May be taken in such quantities as are found beneficial.

Compound Tragacanth Powder,

do

do

Gum Arabic,

do

do

Gum Tragacanth,

do

do

Iceland Moss (Jelly of),

do

do

Irish Moss or Carrageen (Jelly of),

do

do

Infusion of Linseed (Linseed Tea),

do

do

Infusion of Slippery Elm bark,

do

do

Mucilage of Gum Arabic,

do

do