I think it advisable to furnish the subscribers to this work with a list of such preparations as every family should keep in the house; they may be obtained from any respectable druggist, at small cost. These preparations will often be useful when a medical man is called in, as he may not happen to have with him such medicines as he may wish to give. Medicinal preparations should be kept in bottles, in a dry and moderately cool place, and kept well corked, so as to exclude the air. The preparations given below are numbered, and when any reference is made to them in the body of the work, the number of the preparation will be given. The Carminative may be given at any time to young infants, whenever they suffer from griping in the bowels, which some children very frequently do. The Cathartic mixture (No. 2) is intended for children under five years old, and the dose may be five grains or a small teaspoonful for each year of the child's age. The Cathartic powder (No. 3) is intended for all over five years, and the dose may be one grain for each year of the age.

Carminative, No. 1

Carbonate of Magnesia.....................One Dram.

Tincture of Assafoetida.....................Two Drams.

Tincture of Castor...........................Two Drams.

Syrup of Poppies............................Half an Ounce.

Essence of Peppermint.....................One Dram.

Essence of Carraway.......................One Dram.

Water..........................................Three Ounces. - Mix well together. From five to ten drops for each year of the child's age may be given for a dose.

Cathartic, No. 2

Powdered Rhubarb.........................Two Drams.

Carbonate of Magnesia.....................Half an Ounce.

Powdered Ginger...........................One Dram. - Mix together.

Cathartic, No. 3

Powdered Jalap..............................Two Drams.

Powdered Rhubarb..........................One Dram.

Oil of Carraway..............................Ten Drops. - Mix.

Cathartic Pills, No. 4

Socotrine Aloes..............................Two Drams.

Powdered Jalap..............................One Dram.

Castile Soap...................................One Dram.

Oil of Cloves..................................Fifteen Drops.

Oil of Carraway..............................Fifteen Drops. - Mix and beat well together. Half this may be divided into 24 pills, and the other half into 48 pills. One, two, three or four for a dose.

Cathartic And Tonic Pills, No. 5

Socotrine Aloes., .......................One Dram.

Extract of Gentian..........................One Dram.

Castile Soap...................................One Dram.

Oil of Carraway..............................Thirty Drops. - Mix

-divide into 60 pills. Two, three or four for a dose.

Sedative Pills, No. 6

Extract of Poppies..........................Forty Grains.

Extract of Hyoscyamus....................Forty Grains. - Mix, and divide into 24 pills. Two or three to be taken at bedtime.

Astringent Mixture, No. 7

Prepared Chalk..............................Two Drams.

Powdered Gum Arabic.....................Two Drams.

Laudanum....................................Sixty Drops.

Syrup..........................................Half an Ounce.

Cinnamon Water.............................Half a Pint. - One or two tablespoonfuls for a dose.

Astringent Mixture, No. 8

Prepared Chalk..............................Two Drams.

Powdered Gum Arabic.....................Two Drams.

Tincture of Catechu........................Half an Ounce.

Aromatic Confection........................Two Drams. - Water sufficient to make half a pint. One or two tablespoonfuls for a dose.

In chronic Diarrhoea much benefit will be found from chewing Strawberry leaves. Those leaves that are full grown, but not too old, should be gathered. They should be used several times a day. They may also be bruised, and an infusion or tea made from them. A quantity may be gathered when they are in perfection, and dried for future use.

Fever Mixture, No. 9

Carbonate of Potash........................Two Drams.

Citric Acid....................................Dram and a half.

Tincture of Hyoscyamus...................One Dram.

Syrup...........................................Two Drams. - Water sufficient to make half a pint. One or two tablespoonfuls to be taken every three or four hours.

Cough Mixture, No. 10

Extract of Poppies or Hyoscyamus.....One Dram.

Antimonial Wine...........................Three Drams.

Ipecacuanha Wine...........................Two Drams.

Oxymel of Squills...........................One Ounce. - Water to make half a pint. A tablespoonful for a dose. (Several more Cough Mixtures will be given in the Appendix.)

A very good Cough Mixture for children may be made by covering a new-laid egg with Lemon juice ; let it stand till the shell is dissolved, then add two tablespoonfuls of Honey, and stir it up till completely mixed. Two tablespoonfuls of water may be added with half an ounce of Ipecacuanha Wine or Paragoric. One or two teaspoonfuls for a dose.

Tonic Mixture, No. 11

Gentian Boot, sliced............One Ounce.

Hops................................One Ounce.

Bitter Orange Peel..............Half an Ounce.

Cloves, bruised...................A Quarter of an Ounce.

Loaf Sugar.......................Two Ounces.

Boiling Water....................Two Pints. - Let it stand by the fire for two hours, then strain, and add a quarter of a pint of good Brandy. A tablespoonful for a dose, three times a day.

The following articles should also be kept in the house.

A Bottle of Antimonial Wine.

A Box of Spermaceti Ointment.

Some Sticking Plaister, commonly called strapping.

Many people are fond of hunting over the bush or the fields for barks, roots or herbs. When I hear of any one doing so it always reminds me of the late Mr. Justice Haliburton's remark of the Nova Scotians, that "they would spend three or four hours in trying to catch a horse, to ride a distance that they could walk in half an hour." So, some people will spend several hours in the bush, hunting a Slippery Elm tree, that they may make mucilage of the bark, while in half an hour, and a cost of a penny or two, they could obtain all the Flax Seed they wanted at the village store. It is high time we became a little more civilized. Besides, it is only at certain seasons of the year that plants or portions of plants possess their full virtues. Roots should bo dug up in winter, or very late in the fall, after the plant has died down; Leaves should be gathered when they are full-grown; and when the whole of a plant is used, it should be cut just when the plant conies into blossom. For want of attention to these things, many spend their time uselessly. Many years ago, Canada drove a large and lucrative trade with China in the root of a plant called "Ginseng." It was a valuable trade to the Province, but some people, too anxious to get rich, dug up the roots at wrong seasons of the year, and by thus sending a poor quality of root to China, destroyed the market; as, after a time, the Chinese, having been cheated in the quality of the root, would not buy any Ginseng that came from Canada.