This section is from the book "The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine. Volume 2.", by J. H. Kellogg, M.D.. Also available from Amazon: The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine, Volume 2.
Begins with chill, followed by fever; violent pain in the region of the kidneys, and increased by pressure, extending along the urethra to the bladder, and down the thigh; vomiting; urine scanty, high-colored, contains pus and blood; symptoms of suppression of the urine; when chronic, continued fever, and continued chills; gradual emaciation and increasing debility.
This is a somewhat obscure disease, and cannot, in many cases, be distinctly distinguished from some other affections of the kidney and its region. After existing for some time, a lump can usually be felt near the kidney. In a case which we now have under treatment, a tumor may be felt beneath the lower ribs, on the left side, as large as two fists. Recovery from this disease is very rare, the patient usually dying from gradual exhaustion.
Fomentations over the region of the kidneys and the seat of pain, with cold applied during intervals when there is much local inflammation and general fever. Hot baths to induce perspiration, and copious water-drinking to wash away the products of inflammation from the bladder and urinary passages.
A vegetable and fruit diet. In severe cases, the exclusive milk diet may be tried. Washing out the bladder should be practiced daily, when there is much local irritation. For the relief of the fever, which is, in some cases, quite high, sponge baths should be frequently applied. In chronic cases, in which the skin is dry and inactive, inunction should be employed two or three times a week.