This section is from the book "The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine. Volume 2.", by J. H. Kellogg, M.D.. Also available from Amazon: The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine, Volume 2.
As in consumption of the lungs, the first attention should be given to the prevention of this disease, which, when well established, is by no means easy of cure. The preventive measures are essentially the same as those mentioned elsewhere for the prevention of consumption, and hence need not be fully recapitulated. They may be briefly enumerated as being an abundance of out-of-door exercise, exposure to sunlight, constant supply of pure fresh air, frequent bathing to secure activity of the skin, proper clothing, protection from colds, and a generous but unstimulating diet. In the case of children, care should be taken to secure milk from healthy cows. A mother suffering with the symptoms of consumption of the bowels should not nurse her child, as she will be very likely to communicate to it the germs of the disease. It should also be borne in mind that cows not infrequently suffer from tuberculosis, and communicate the disease in this way. As consumption is a contagious disease, it is evidently unwise to allow small children to be closely associated with persons suffering from any form of tuberculous affection. Great attention should be paid to the regulation of the diet, the patient being supplied with an abundance of nourishing, simple, and unstimulating food. As the disease is often attended by weakness of the stomach and various disorders of digestion, it is important to give these points prompt and careful attention. The general treatment should be the same as has already been given for chronic catarrh of the bowels and general scrofulous disease. The abdominal pain may usually be relieved by the use of fomentations and the wet abdominal bandage. The bandage should be wrung as dry as possible and covered with a dry woolen cloth. Great care should be taken to keep the extremities warm, the feet of the patient becoming chilled very quickly especially after bathing. In cases in which there is considerable emaciation and dryness of the skin, an inunction with vaseline, olive-oil, or any other good unguent, is a very efficient and often essential measure of treatment. We have employed various unguents for this purpose, and have been best satisfied with the results obtained from the use of refined Chinese cocoa-nut oil imported from Canton.