Abducentes Nervi

Part of the sixth pair; so called because they are lost on the abductores oculi.

Abductio

(FromaŁ and duco, to draw,) a species of fracture, when a bone near the joint is so divided transversely, that the extremities recede from each other. Caelius Aurelianus uses this word for a strain. Abductio properly signifies leading from or drawing away, and it is from the action of the muscles that the divided ends of fractured bones recede. Abruptio is used in the same sense, as are also Apoclasma, and Apagma.

Abelicea

(From α priv. and Abelicea 5 a dart; i. e. without thorns.) See Brasilium lignum.

Abelmoschus

(A-bel-mosch, Arab.or Granum Moschi Rumph. hirsuta Margr. Brazil, Moschus Ara-bum. Also, Alcea Indica, Alcea, Abrette.) The seed of a plant which has the flavour of musk, called the musk mallow. The plant is the hibiscus abel-moschus Lin. Sp. Pi. 980, indigenous in AEgypt, and many parts of both the Indies. The seeds are flat, kidney-shaped, the size of a pin-head, grey or brownish without, and white within. They arc very fragrant, and their scent is like a mixture of amber and of musk; to the taste they are of a slight-ish aromatic bitter. The Arabs mix them with their coffee; though their chief use is as a perfume; but, from their peculiar flavour, as well as other sensible qualities, they seem to merit more attention than has hitherto been paid to them as a medicinal substance. The best comes from Martinico. Those which appear new, plump, dry, and well scented, are preferable.

Aberratio

(From aberro, to wander.) In medical writings it expresses Nature's deviating from her usual progress. A Lusus Naturae. See also Luxatio.

Abesamum

Dirt or clay.

Abessi

See Rebis.

Abevacuatio

Or Abvacuatio, (from ab dim, and evacuo, to pour out,) a partial or incomplete evacuation of the faulty humours, whether by nature or art, called Apocenos, partial fluxes, as watery eye, gonorrhoea, etc.

Abhel

One of the appellations of savine. Q. V.

Abies Cembra

Lin. 1419, affords the balsam of Libanus, or the Carpathian balsam.

Abies munghos scopoli, an alpine tree of Hungary,which produces the oleum templinum, or Krumholze oil.

Abietanum Oleum

See Terebinthina argentoratensis.

Abiga Herba

Chamaepytis, or ground-pine. It is probably so called from abigo, to expel, as it is said to promote delivery. Blancard thinks its name is derived from its leaves resembling those of the abies.

Ablepsia

Ablepsy, (α priv. and Ablepsia 7 video.')

Blindness, want of sight, rashness, indiscretion.

Abluentia Medicamenta

(From abluo, to wash off.) Medicines suited to wash off from the external or internal surfaces of the body any matters improperly adhering to them.

Ablutio

(From abluo, to wash away,) ablution. A washing or cleansing either of the body or intestines. In chemistry, it signifies the purifying of a body by repeated effusions of a proper liquor: this is done various ways, by cohobation, circulation, etc. See Cohobatio.