A leader to, (from adducere, to move or bring towards). A name of several muscles.
l. Adductor ad minimum digitum. It rises from the unciform process of the carpus towards the annular ligament, and is inserted into the whole length of the inside of the metacarpal bone of the little finger.
2. Adductor auris. It is a common muscle, being a part which Spigelius calls quadratus buccas de-trahens; from its insertion is a fleshy fibrous elongation implanted into the root of the ear.
3. Adductor digiti minimi pedis, called also transversalis pedis placentini. It rises from the fourth metatarsal bone, and going over the knobs of the toes, runs to the external sesamoid bone. Douglas says, it brings the third and fourth.lesser toes nearer the other two, and the great one.
4. Adductor femoris primus, vel longus. It rises from the os pubis, next the pectinaeus, above the gracilis ; which turning into a compact fleshy belly, it begins to be inserted tendinous about the middle of the linea aspera, being continued down upon the same five or six inches, sending out a tendon which joins in with that of the fourth head.
5. Adduotor femoris secundus, vel brevis. It arises from the os pubis, immediately under the gracilis, by a broad tendinous, but chiefly fleshy, beginning, and is inserted into the linea aspera, from a little below the lesser trochanter, to the first insertion of the last described muscle.
6. Adductor femoris tertius, vel magnus. It arises lower down than the former, from the outer edge of the os pubis and ischium, and, running obliquely towards the trochanter minor, is inserted near the glutaeus maximus. This and the next muscle arc described as one muscle, by Albinus and Winslow, under the names of Abductor magnus femoris, and le troisieme muscle du triceps. It is also called triplex musculus.
7. Adductor femoris quartus. It arises from the protuberance of the ischium, and the adjoining interior part of that bone, by a tendinous or fleshy origin. It is inserted by a round and a long tendon into the upper and rough part of the inner and lower appendix of the os femoris,being affixed to that bone a little above the condyle, as also to some part of the linea aspera. The above four muscles of the thigh are described by Dr. Hunter, etc. as one, and under the name of Tri'-cei's, which see. Their use is to adduce, or move, the thigh inwards, according to their different directions, and bring them to each other.
8. Adductor oculi, also called adducens and rectus internus. It rises tendinous and fleshy from the edge of the hole in the sphenoid bone that transmits the optic nerve, and is inserted by a thin tendon into the tunica sclerotica, where it respects the great canthus. It brings the eye towards the nose. Some call it bibito-rius, as it directs the eye towards the glass in drinking.
9. Adductor pollicis manus ad indicem. Rio-ian calls it antithenar. It rises from the fore part of the metacarpal bone of the fore finger, joins with the anterior portion of the flexor secundi internodii pollicis, and is inserted with it into the sesamoid bone. See Abductor Indicis, N° 4.
10. Adductor pollicis pedis. It rises by a long thin disgregated tendon from the os calcis, under the tendinous part of the massa carnea, from the os cu-boides, the os cuneiforme medium, and from the upper part of the os metatarsi of the second toe ; it is soon dilated into a pretty large belly, and is inserted in the external os sesamoides of the great toe. Douglas says it brings the great toe near its next.