(Alcal, Arab.). See Acetum.


(Alcala, filth, Heb.). Aphtha, which see. Paracelsus gives this appellation to the tartar or excrement of urine, whether it appears as sand, or mucilage.


The rectification of alcohol; and, according to Starkey, the union of alcohol with fixed alkalis, which forma a neutral, and the alkali is volatilised.


See Urina.


(From alcohol). Reducing any thing to powder by corrosion.


See -AEsecavum.


See,AEs ustum.


It is the name of a plant mentioned by Hippocrates; Foesius thinks it is the Elder. See Acte.


See Sulphur.

Alcyon Fluviatilis

See Alcedo.

Alcyo Nium

Bastard sponge. It is the froth of the sea hardened by the sun, of different shapes and colours. It is so named, from the bird alcyon, which builds on the sea, and whose nest it is said to resemble. It is difficult to say what the Greeks called by this name. Dioscorides names five sorts; viz.

1. Alcyonium Duru'm. Hard Bastard Sponge.

2. Farrago; called also farrago australis, alcyo-nium, -vessicaria marina nigra.

3. Alcyonium vermiculatum, or Vermiculate. vermiculate Bastard Sponge.

4. Alcyonium supposum. Lemery calls this alcyo-nium molle. Thready bastard sponge.

5. Alcyonium tuberosum. Lemery calls this alum foraminosum. Tuberose bastard sponge.

There are many other species; they are calcined with a little salt as dentrifices, and are used to remove spots on the skin.

Aldaba Ram

See Albadara.


Et Aldin. Hort. Earn, i. e. Exact. Descriptio rariorum quarandum Plantarum Horti Far-nesiani Tobiae Aldini. Rome, 1625, fol.

Aldrov Mus Met

i. e. Ulyssis Aldrovandi Musaeum Metallicum Bononiae, 1648, fol.

Aldrov. de Quad. bisul. i. e. Aldrovandus De Quadrupedibus bisulcis.

Aldrov. de Quad. dig. i. e. A/drovandus De Quadrupedibus digitatis.

Aldrov. dendr. i. e. Aldrovandi Dendrologia, Bo-non. 1668.

Aldrov. exang. i. e. Aldrovandus De Animalibus exanguibus, Bonon. 1642.


(oel, Dan.; aile, Fr.; from alo, to nourish). The ancient Saxons called it ael. The Germans first invented and brought it into use.

Ale is distinguished from beer, by being fresh or new, while beer is kept until the remaining saccharine matter is more completely changed to a vinous spirit by a slow fermentation.

Beer, called by the Latins, Cerevisia, from Ceres, because corn is its principal ingredient; also Liquor


See Argentum vivum.


i. e. Flos salis. Flower of salt.


J (from Aleimma 322 to anoint). A greasy ointment, or a liniment, without wax, to give it a consistence.


Hippocrates uses this word as an epithet for water.


(Aleipha 323 to anoint). Any medicated oil, impregnated chiefly with the juices of vegetables.


(From Alelaion 324 salt, and oleum).

It is oil beat up with salt to apply to tumours. Galen frequently used it.