(From Antivenerea 907 , against, and venereus, venereal ). Medicines against the lues venerea.


Aqua preservativa. It is a solution of caustic alkali, or corrosive sublimate, in water, to be injected up the urethra in men, and the vagina in women, and to wash the parts with after coition; but care must be taken that the solution should not be too strong lest it should occasion excoriation and inflammation. It will be sufficient if it be of such a strength only as will give a slight sensation of pungency on the tongue, or inside of the lips.

It has been suspected, that checking the discharge of gonorrhoea may induce hernia humoralis, or syphilis. We cannot deny that these have been sometimes the consequence; yet if the disease be taken in its early-stages, we have not found such consequences. We know that a caustic applied very early to a chancre will check all further infection; and there is no reason why the discharge of mucus, excited by the preservative water, may not be equally effectual.


(From Antizeumic 908 against, and ferment ). Preventers of fermentation in general.


A mineral water of Germany, containing carbonated soda, common salt, and calcareous earth; the latter seemingly dissolved by an excess of carbonic acid gas.

Antonii Sancti Ignis

St. Anthony's fire; so called, because St. Anthony was supposed to cure it miraculously; but in the Roman missal, St. Anthony is employed as being the preserver from all sorts of fires. See Erysipelas.


See Cochlaea caelata.


Or Antophyllus, (Antophyllon 910 opposite, and a leaf,) so called because its leaves stand opposite one another. The male Caryo-phyllus, or the large full-grown ones. See Caryophilli Aromatici.

Antrum Buccinosum

See Cochlea.

Antrum genae, Antrum Highmorianum magnum, called also sinus maxillaris, and antrum maxilla supe-riorie. Maxillary sinus. Highmore boasts of the discovery; but Casserius takes notice of this part before him, under the first name.

Antrum pylori, the great concavity of the stomach approaching the pylorus.

All the body of the upper jaw bone is hollow, and its cavity forms this antrum; each hath a winding passage into the nostril, called ductus ad nasum, on the side on which it lies; this cavity and the sockets of the teeth are often divided by the interposition of only a very thin bony plate. The membrane which lines this cavity is sometimes inflamed, and matter forming in it is discharged by drawing one of the dentes molares. See Abscessus sinus maxillaris.


The name of an astringent used by P. AEgineta; so called from Antyllus the inventor.