The calabash tree; crescentia cujete Lin. Sp. Pl. 872; is a large tree common in America, and the American islands; but one species was known to Linnaeus, of which he has noticed three varieties; but later authors form three species, viz. the crescentia cujete; the c. cucurbitina; the variety α of Linnaeus, and the cujete with hard fruit, var. γ. The plant belongs to the solanaceae. The first is a small tree with a twisted trunk, extending horizontally on every side, and furnished at each knot with oblong, undivided leaves collected in bundles. The flowers resemble those of a lily, are of a white and greenish colour, but a disagreeable smell. The fruit of various sizes and figures, is green at first, but when ripe it is black and hard, containing seeds like a gourd, and a yellow kernel. The unripe fruit contains a white juicy pulp, smelling like nasturtium, but of a sweetish taste; and is preserved with sugar, and used in fevers. The ripe affords a shell for cups, etc. The pulp of the ripe fruit is employed in dropsies and diarrhoeas; as a remedy for burns and diseases of the head. In the French islands it is employed in diseases of the breast, and in contusions after violent falls. The other species are not remarkable for any pecular medicinal powers. See Raii Historia.