In boring for the bolts it will be well to bore until the point of the bit begins to show through on the opposite side of all the holes; then turn the gate, and complete the boring from the opposite side (Chapter II., Paragraph 9). Another plan of boring the holes which might be used would be to have a scrap piece of material on the opposite side to prevent splintering (Chapter II., Paragraph 9). Insert a bolt in each hole, put on the washers, run the nuts on very tight. Prepare the latch slide as shown in the drawing.


The gate should be given one or two coats of paint (Chapter IV., Paragraph 52).

Optional and Home Projects Employing Similar Principles.

Extra Wide Gate

1. It is sometimes desirable to provide a very wide gate. This is most satisfactorily done by the use of a double gate, as shown in the suggestions. This suggestion also presents another method of bracing which is very satisfactory. In hanging the double gate a short post extending only a few inches above the ground should be set in such a position that when the gates are closed one or both of them may be hooked to it at the bottom.

Wiring A Gate

2. It is not uncommon to find a gate cheaply and poorly made without a brace. Such a gate can be very much improved by having a wire put on it, as indicated in the drawing. This wire is a complete loop extending from the top of the hinge side to the lower front side of the gate. A small iron rod, or bolt, is used to twist the wire, as indicated in the drawing; the wire tightens as it is Twisted, and thus raises the front side of the gate. A gate so repaired will give good service for a long time.

Suggestions For Community Research

No. 1. How many different sizes and kinds of nails can you find used about your home or farm? You will find it interesting to collect one of each and acquaint yourself with these sizes. Learn to identify as many nails as possible by sight. You will be surprised to see how many people are unable to tell the number of a nail by looking at it.

No. 2. See if you can find any of the old-fashioned iron cut nails about your home. Possibly by tearing up a chest or box which was made many years ago you will be able to find some of them. See if you can find out why cut nails have gone out of use and why the wire nails have taken their place. What advantages have modern wire nails? What is the price per pound of 2d, 8d and 16d nails at your local hardware store?

No. 3. Make inquiries of some of the older people of your community and find out how their homes were lighted years ago. See if you can find an old-fashioned candlestick, candle mould or grease lamp anywhere in your community. Find out how the old handmade candles were made. If you can find any of these old-fashioned articles in the community, it would be interesting to take them to school for general discussion.

No. 4. Are growing plants and pot flowers considered healthful in a living room ? Get the opinion of your parents on this subject; see what you can find out fry the study of the references given in this text.

No. 5. How many different birds of your community can you recognize by sight? How many can you recognize by hearing their songs? Are the people of your community friends to the birds? Inquire from a number of people and make a list of the benefits which they recognize as coming from the birds. You will be surprised to learn what an incorrect impression a great many people have regarding birds.

No. 6. Study as many as possible of the references given and make a list of all of the birds which are beneficial to us. Make another list of the ones considered harmful.

No. 7. For what purpose have you seen a wagon jack used? On most machinery greasing or oiling is done without removing the wheels. Why is it necessary to remove a wagon or buggy wheel to grease it?

No. 8. What is the attitude of the farmers in your community on the question of testing their seed corn? How do you think it could be proven that it pays to test seed corn?