* The Romans had their tiger and panther woods, namely the pieces of citrus, marked with strips or spots (tee note, p. 64;) the moderns have partridge, snake, porcupine, zebra, and tulip woods, and others. See the Catalogue.
† The specimens should be stamped with numbers, as a mode preferable to affixing labels, and it should be noted whether the tree from which it was cut were of superior, average, or inferior quality, and also its sue. It would be still better to collect three or four samples from different trees, and the transverse sections especially those with the bark would be highly characteristic.
The trouble of preparing the notes to accompany the specimens, would be greatly diminished by the employment of a tabular form, on the model of that adopted at Lloyd's Registry, described in the note, page 69.
This would also be important in a commercial point of view, as numerous woods, of which small quantities, perhaps one single importation,have been received, might be again procured, whereas they are now unattainable, from the absence of these particulars.
Latitude exerts a general influence in the distribution of the woods, but it must be remembered that alone it is insufficient to limit the locality; it must be viewed in connexion with the elevation of the land; for even under the equator, as we ascend the mountains, the products of the temperate and even the frigid zones are met with, as Nature appears to set no bounds to her liberality and munificence.
The Admiralty Museum, Somerset House, which is principally due to the superintendence of Sir William Symonds, the Surveyor-General of the Navy, is very rich in specimens of woods. It contains the foundation of a fine collection with their foliage, acorns, cones, and other seed-vessels, etc.; at present the oaks and firs are the most complete: there are also, from Brazil, 56 specimens; from Australia, 13; and from New Zealand, 40; all with native names and foliage. And the following woods, with native names, from various contributors.
N. America, 30, Capt C. Perry, U.S.N.
Cuba, 168,-Tyrie, Esq.
Jamaica, 100, Capt T. M. C. Symonds,
RN. Brazil, 140, S. Morney, Esq., Engineers.
Brazil, 152, Mr.-.
Australia, 25, Sir Thomas Mitchell.
Norfolk Island, 16,-Leslet, Esq.
This fine museum also includes, amongst others not specified, sets of specimens from the different Government dock-yards, of the timbers used respectively therein. Many of the specimens are worked into cubes and blocks of similar size, and their several weights are marked upon them.
There are also 84 pieces from the "Gibraltar" of 80 guns, launched in 1751, and recently broken up: these are intended to show the durability of the woods.
East India House. Indian woods, 117 kinds, in the form of books, about half with their native names. Indian woods, from Dr. Roxburgh; large pieces of the principal kinds. Indian and Himalayan woods, from Dr. Wallich; 457 specimens. Java woods, 100 kinds, presented by Dr. Horsfield.
Asiatic Society. Ceylon woods, 255 specimens, with their native names, and alphabetical catalogue.
United Service MUSEUM. Travancore, 110, with native names, Lieut. Col. J. M. Frith, Madras Artil, C.B. New Zealand and New 8outh Wales ,30, R Cunningham,Eaq.,Bot Gard., Sydney. Ceylon, 31, names in the native character, from Captain Chapman, R.A. Jamaics, 80, Names principally English, from Lieut J. Grignon, 87th Rogt Jamaica, 31 large handsome polished specimens, Capt Ethelred Hawkins,22ndRegt
Society or Arts. Indian woods, a duplicate set of Dr. Wallich's collection, namely, 457 specimens enumerated in the Trans, of the Society, Vol. 43, Part 2, pp. 439 - 479.
India, various parts. Cape of Good Hope, Pitcairn's Islands, etc., 452 specimens, Captain H.C. Baker. Bengal Art etc See Trans. Vol 50, Part 2, pp. 173 - 189.
Lloyd's Registry or Shipping. 160 specimens of shipbuilding woods, oaks the most numerous, next firs, pines, and elms. They are accompanied by a list which contains seven columns, respectively, headed "Stamped number on Specimen, Name of Wood, Place of Growth, Soil, Durable or otherwise, Purpose for which used, Remarks.
Private Collections or Specimens.
Mr. Fincham's contains most of those woods in the subjoined list, generally in two sections, with their specific gravities and relative degrees of strength.* Also from Nova Scotia, 8; Rio Janeiro, 11; Isle of France, 34; Malabar, 19; Ceylon,
59; New South Wales, 14; Van Diemen's Land, 6; New Zealand, 17; all with native names, brought over direct by the captains of Government ships.
G. Loddiges, Esq., F.L.S., F.H.S., F.Z.S., Ac, has a fine cabinet Of the woods of Europe, 100; Jamaica, 100; Brazils, 250; Chili, 45; Sierra Leone, 20; East Indies, 25; South Seas, 33; all with native names; and 25 from China, marked in that character. Also about 100 commercial and dye woods, and not less than 1000 from all parts of the globe not yet prepared for his cabinet. J. Miers, Esq., F.L.S, Ac, has 75 Brazilian specimens, collected by himself on the spot
W Wilson Saunders, Esq., F.LS., Ac: Brazilian, 70; Grecian, 17; British,
70; various localities, 65.
Mexico. Dr. Coulter, MD., M.R.I.A., Hon. Fel Col Phya, Hon. Fel Roy.
Dub. Soc Ac, has collected 800 specimens in Mexico, 788 with the leaf, flower, and sometimes the fruit They have been presented by him to Trinity College,
Dublin. These I have not seen.
Isthmus of Panama. See Colonel G. A. Lloyd's Notes and Catalogue of Woods, Trans. Royal Geog. Soc, Vol. L, p. 71.
* Ship-building Woods used in our Government Yards. Oaks. - English. Adriatic Italian. Sussex. New Forest Canada, white and red. Pollard. Istrian. Live-oak. African. And also Teak. PINE. - Yellow. Red. Virginian Nil red. Pitch-pine. Riga. Firs. - Norway and American Spruce fir. Dantzic and Adriatic fir.
LARCHES, - Hackmetack. Polish. Scotch. Italian, 1. 2. 3. Athol Cowdie, or New Zealand Larch. Cedars. - Cuba, Lebanus. New South Wales and Pencil cedar.
ELMS. - English and Wych elm. Miscellaneous Woods, used in small quantities. - Rock Elm. English and American ash. Birch, black and white. Beech. Hornbeam. Hickory. Mahogany. Lime-tree. Poon-wood, and Lignum-vitae, &c