For Building. Ship-building. Cedars. Deals. Elms. Firs. Larches. Locust. Oaks. Teak, etc. etc.

Wet works, as piles, foundations, etc. Alder. Beech. Elm. Oak.

Plane-tree. White Cedar.

House-carpentry. Deals. Oak. Pines. Sweet Chesnut

Fob Machinery and Mill-work,

Frames, etc. Ash. Beech-Birch. Deals. Elm.

Mahogany. Oak. Pines.

Rollers, etc. Box.

Lignum-vitae. Mahogany.

Teeth of Wheels, etc. Crabtree. Hornbeam. Locust.

Foundry patterns. Alder. Deal.

Mahogany. Pine.

For Turnery.

Common woods for toys: softest.

Alder.

Aps.

Beech

small.

Birch

Sallow.

Willow.

Best woods for Tunbridge ware.

Holly

white woods

H. Chesnut

Sycamore

Apple-tree

brown woods

Pear-tree

Plum tree

Hardest English woods. Beech, large. Box. Elm. Oak. Walnut.

For Furniture.

Common Furniture and inside works. Beech. Birch. Cedars. Cherry-tree. Deal. Pines.

Best Furniture. Amboyna. Black Ebony. Cherry-tree. Coromandel. Mahogany. Maple.

Oak, various kinds. Rose-wood. Satin-wood. Sandal-wood. Sweet Chesnut. Sweet Cedar. Tulip-wood. Walnut. Zebra-wood.

Foreign Hardwoods, several of which are only used for Ornamental turnery.

Amboyna.

Beef-wood.

Black Bot. B-wd.*†

Black Ebony.‡

Box-wood. †‡

Brazil-wood.

Braziletto.

Bullet-wood.*†

Cam-wood.†

Cocoa-wood. †

Coromandel.

Green Ebony.‡

Greenheart.

Grenadillo.‡

Iron-wood.

King-wood.*

Lignum-vitae.‡

Locust.‡

Mahogany.‡

Maple.

Mustaiba.

Olive-tree and root

Palmyra.

Partridge-wood.

Peruvian.

Princes-wood.

Purple-wood.

Red Sanders.

Rosetta.

Rose-wood.‡

Sandal-wood.

Satin-wood.‡

Snake-wood.*

Tulip-wood.*

Yacca-wood.

Zebra-wood.

* Frequently scarce.

† Generally close, hard, even tinted, and the more proper for excentric turning, but others may also be employed.

‡ Generally abundant, and extensively used.

All the woods may be used for plain turning.

Miscellaneous Properties.

Elasticity. Ash. Hazel. Hickory. Lancewood. S. Chesnut, small. Snakewood. Yew.

Inelasticity and toughness. Beech. Elm.

Lignum-vitae. Oak. Walnut.

Even grain, proper for Carving. Lime-tree. Pear-tree. Pine.

Durability in dry works. Cedar. Oak. Poplar.

Sweet Chesnut. Yellow Deal.

Colouring Matter. Red Dyes. Brazil. Braziletto. Cam-wood. Log-wood. Nicaragua. Red Sanders. Sapan-wood.

Green Dyo. Green Ebony.

Yellow Dyes. Fustic. Zante.

Scent. Camphor-wood. Cedar. Rose-wood. Sandal-wood. Satin-wood. Sassafras.