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180.   Hooks, Initial and Final. - Hooks may be made at either end of any of the consonant-signs of the alphabet. When made at the finish of a stem, they are called " Final-hooks " ; and when made at the beginning, they are called " Initial-hooks." They may be made on either side of straight stems, but on only one side, the inner side, of curved stems.

181.   Hooked-stems. - Stems with hooks attached are called "Hooked-stems."

182.   How to Write Hooked-stems. - A hooked-stem is always made with one continuous movement of the pen from the beginning of the stroke to its end. It

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180.   Hooks, Initial and Final. - Hooks may be made at either end of any of the consonant-signs of the alphabet. When made at the finish of a stem, they are called " Final-hooks " ; and when made at the beginning, they are called " Initial-hooks." They may be made on either side of straight stems, but on only one side, the inner side, of curved stems.

181.   Hooked-stems. - Stems with hooks attached are called "Hooked-stems."

182.   How to Write Hooked-stems. - A hooked-stem is always made with one continuous movement of the pen from the beginning of the stroke to its end. It is not proper to first make the stem and then afterwards add on the hook by a separate operation of the pen.

183.   Two Sizes of Hooks. - There are two sizes of hooks used on stems, being called " Large-hooks" and "Small-hooks."

Remark. The learner should form the habit of making the large-hooks of a uniform and quite large size, and the small-hooks of a uniform and quite small size ; so that there will never be any doubt as to which size is intended.