282. Rule. - The circle is written between stems, when they are simple at their contiguous ends, in the following manner:
I. Between two straight stems,—
1. If the stems do not form an angle at the point of junction, the circle is written to the first stem just as if it stood alone, and then the second stem is continued on after it.
2. But if the stems do form an angle at the point of junction, the circle is turned on that side of the first stem which will throw it on the outside of the angle Examples:
II. Between a straight stem and a following curved stem, the circle is turned on that side of the straight stem which will throw it on the inner side of the curved stem. Examples:
III. Between two curved stems, or between a curved stem and a following straight stem, the circle is turned on the inner side of the first stem. Examples:
Remark. Exception to III. - When the circle occurs between either Ith, Ef, or En and a following Lee, it is easier - and, therefore, allowable - to turn it on the back instead of the inner side of the first stem ; thus,—
283. vocalization. - When the outline of a word contains a circle between two stems, all vowels that are sounded before the circle must be written to the first stem, and all vowels that are sounded after the circle must be written to the second stem. Examples:
284. Hooks with Breve-s Used Medially. - Any of the hooks, with breve-s included, may be joined to other stems ; the circle, in such case, always being written on the inside of the hook. But sometimes, when so used together in the middle of outlines, both the hook and breve-s have, of necessity, to be formed somewhat imperfectly. And, in a few instances, the circle must be turned on the back of a curved stem. Examples:
285. Choose, its, poise, case, eggs, rice or rise, yes, those, face or phase, news, says, ways, miss, lace or lays, oppose, office, arise, such, seat, said, sake, sky, south, safe, sun or son, sore or soar, same, sale or sail, city, sorry, sunny, sex, source or sores, suppose, box, lungs, force, sketch, swim, smoke, refuse, Thomas, hoax, heaves, hogshead (hogsed), Sunday, slowly, propose, defence, witness, abundance, dress, fleece or fleas, worse (223, II.), deeds, acts, votes, notes, adopts, traits, lords (223, II.), threats, matters, letters, woods, washes, stone, summon, surf or serf, station, scatter, skate, signed, sweet, scattered, slaughter, slender, simple, submit, spots, specimen, caves, proofs or proves, fence, gathers, cushions, nations, lands, thunders, settle, suffer, remains, directors, splint, switch, swash.
286. Tuesday, task, risk, missing, lisp, massive, passage, vessel, visit, music, resolve, dispatch, refusal, positive, muslin, basement, trustee, present, uncertain, justice, December, exposure, excuse.