1. If the birth should occur in the Sandhyakala (a) (the twilight hours) when the lunar Hora (b) should be rising and when malefic planets occupy the last Navamsas of signs, the child would die soon after birth. Again, if at the time of birth, the Moon and three malefic planets occupy the four Kendras, one in each, then also the child would die.

Notes

(a) Sandhyakala; This is defined by the Author in his Brihat Samhita, Stanza 1, ch. 30: "That period which precedes the moment when the Sun has just half risen and that which succeeds the moment when the Sun has just half set, during which the stars are invisible, is known as Sandhyakala or twilight period."

(b) In the odd signs, the second halves, and in the even signs, the first halves are known as Lunar Horas.

2. If either sign Cancer or sign Scorpio should rise at the time of birth and if malefic planets occupy the eastern half of the Zodiac while the benefic planets occupy the western half(a), the child would die immediately after birth. Again, if malefic planets occupy the 12th and the 2nd houses or the 6th and the 8th houses from the rising sign, the child would die.

Notes

(a) The plane of meridian divides the Zodiac into two equal halves known as the Eastern and Western halves; so that, if the 10° of Cancer, for instance, should be rising at the time, the Eastern half would roughly comprise the portion of the Zodiac from the 10° of Aries to the 10° of Libra: and the Western half would comprise the portion of the Zodiac from the 10° of Libra to the 10° of Aries.

(b) According to certain Commentators, the two yogas are taken together and made to form a single yoga. In other words, the child would die under the first yoga only if malefic planets occupy the 2nd, the 12th, the 6th and the 8th houses. According to Garga, there will be' death in each of the following four yogas: Malefic planets 6 cupying, (1) the 6th and the 12th houses, (2) the 8th' and 2nd houses, (3) the 12th and 2nd houses, and (4) the 8th and 6th houses.

3. If the rising sign, the setting sign and the sign occupied by the Moon be each occupied by a malefic planet and if the Moon be not aspected by benefic planets, the child will die immediately after birth.

4. If the waning Moon occupy the 12th house from the ascendant, if the malefic planets occupy the rising sign and the 8th house, and if benefic planets do not occupy the Kendras, the child will die immediately after birth.

5. If the Moon attended by a malefic planet occupy the rising sign or the 7th, the 8th or the 12th house, and if benefic planets do not occupy the Kendras, and if they do not aspect the Moon, the child will die soon after birth.

Notes

So that, if benefic planets occupy the Kendras, there will be no early death.

6. If, when the Moon occupies the 6th or the 8th house from the ascendant, a malefic planet aspect the same, the child will die soon after birth; if benefic planets alone aspect it, the child will die after 8 years; and if both a benefic and a malefic planet aspect the Moon, the child will die 4 years after birth (a); but if a benefic planet (occupying the 6th or the 8th house) be aspected by powerful malefic planets (b), or if the lord of the rising sign occupy the 7th house and be defeated in planetary fight (conjunction) by a malefic planet (c), the child, will die a month after birth.

Notes

(a) So that, if the Moon occupying the 6th or the 8th house, be not aspected by any planet there will be no early death. In connection with this, Yavaueswara says: If the 6th or the 8th house occupied by the Moon be the house of a benefic planet, or if the Moon be accompanied by a benefic planet, even though he may be in a malefic sign, the child will not die. Mandavya says: If the birth occur by day in the dark half, or, by night in the bright half of the month, there will be escape from death even if the Moon occupy the 6th or the 8th house and be aspected by both malefic and benefic planets.

(b) In the absence of benefic planets aspecting the Moon, adds the Commentator. Swalpa Jataka has the following:

"By malefic planets or by planets retrograde in their motion."

(c) The planet that generally suffers defeat in conjunction, is the southern one, one of forbidding appearance, one of flickering light, one retrograde in motion or of small size, or in conjunction with the Sun, or which is of unusual appearance or without light or color.

7. If the waning Moon occupy the rising sign and if malefic planets occupy the 8th house and the Kendras, or if the Moon occupy the 4th, 7th or the 8th house and be between malefic planets, the child will die. Again, if the

8. Moon occupy the rising sign and be between malefic planets and if malefic planets occupy the 7th and the 8th houses and powerful benefic planets fail to aspect the Moon (a), both the mother and the child will die.

Notes

(a) If they do aspect the Moon, the mother will escape and the child will die.

8. If at the time of birth, the Moon occupy the last Navamsa of a sign and not be aspected by benefic planets, and if malefic planets occupy the 5th and the 9th houses or if the Moon occupy the rising sign and malefic planets occupy the 7th house, the child will die soon after birth.

9. If at the time of birth, the eclipsed Moon occupy the rising sign with a malefic planet (a) while Mars occupies the 8th house, both the mother and the infant will die. If instead of the Moon, the Sun (b) be in a similar position, such death will be caused by weapons. Again, if either the Sun or the Moon occupy the rising sign and if malefic planets occupy the 5th, 8th and 9th houses, the child will die, if either the Sun or the Moon be neither aspected nor accompanied by powerful benefic planets.

Notes

(a) That is Saturn.

(b) That is, if the eclipsed Sun occupy the rising sign accompanied by a malefic planet (either Mercury or Saturn), while Mars occupies the 8th house.

10. If at the time of birth, Saturn, the Sun, the Moon and Mars occupy respectively the 12th, 9th, 1st and the 8th houses, the child will die soon after birth if the planets be not aspected by powerful Jupiter.

Notes

To aspect all the four planets, Jupiter must occupy the 5th house. If Jupiter should aspect only some of the four planets, or, if he be weak though he might aspect all the four planets, the child will die. So that, the child will escape death only if powerful Jupiter aspect all the four planets.

11. If, at the time of birth, the Moon (a) accompanied by a malefic planet occupy the 5th, the 7th, the 9th, the 12th, the 1st, or the 8th house, and if she be neither accompanied nor aspected by powerful Venus, Mercury or Jupiter, the child will die soon after birth.

Notes

(a) The Moon is the waning Moon according to Saravali.

12. The death will occur when the Moon comes either to the sign occupied by the powerful planet causing such death, or to the sign occupied by herself at the time of birth or to the rising sign at the time, provided the Moon is both powerful and aspected by powerful malefic planets; and the Munis say that the period for such death is a year (a).

Notes

(a) The Moon makes about 13 revolutions in the course of a year. Whenever the Moon in the course of motion becomes powerful and is aspected by powerful malefic planets on reaching one of the three places mentioned in the text, the death will occur.

Notes

The Commentator now proceeds to describe a number of yogas which counteract the several Balarishta yogas given in the text. They are given below:

1. If powerful Jupiter occupy the rising sign, there will be no early death.

2. If the lord of the rising sign be powerful, and be not aspected by malefic planets but be aspected by benefic planets occupying the Kendras, the child will live long.

3. Even though the Moon should occupy the 8th house, if she should, at the same time, occupy the Drek-kana of Jupiter, Mercury or Venus, there will be no early death.

4. If the Moon be full, if she should occupy benefic signs, be between benefic planets and be aspected by Venus, there will be no early death.

5. If either Mercury, Venus or Jupiter be powerful and occupy a Kendra, there will be no early death even if he be accompanied by a malefic planet.

6. Though the Moon occupy the 6th house there will be no early death if she occupy the Drekkana of Jupiter, Venus or Mercury.

7. If the Moon be full and be between benefic planets, there will be no early death.

8. If the Moon be full or if the birth occur during the day when it is waning Moon, or during the night when it is waxing Moon, there will be no early death even if the Moon occupy the 6th or the 8th house.

9. If the Moon be full and be aspected by Jupiter occupying a Kendra, there will be no early death.

10. If Jupiter, the Moon, Venus and Mercury occupy the houses, the Navamsas or the Drekkanas, of benefic planets, there will be no early death.

11. If either the lord of the house occupied by the Moon or if a benefic planet occupy a Kendra, there will be no early death.

12. If malefic planets occupy benefic Vargas (division,) and be aspected by benefic planets, occupying benefic Vargas, there will be no early death.

13. If Rahu occupy the 3rd, 6th or 11th house and be aspected by benefic planets, there will be no early death.

14. If all the planets occupy the Sirodaya signs, there will be no early death.

15. If, at the time of birth, a benefic planet successful in planetary fight (conjunction) be aspected by another benefic planet, there will be no early death.

16. If the full Moon be aspected by all the planets there will be no early death.