Atchison. I. A county forming the N. W. extremity of Missouri, lying along the left bank of the Missouri river, bounded E. by the Nodaway and drained by the Tarkeo and Nishna-batona rivers; area, 675 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,440, of whom 34 were colored. In 1870 the county produced 45,117 bushels of wheat, 1,312,030 of Indian corn, 69,666 of oats, 18,266 lbs. of wool, 127,826 of butter, and 6,110 gallons of wine. Capital, Rockford. II. A N. E. county of Kansas, separated from Missouri by the Missouri river; area, 424 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,507. In 1870 the county produced 123,745 bushels of wheat, 619,447 of Indian corn, 96,012 of oats, 78,721 of potatoes, 23,239 tons of hay, 513,864 lbs. of butter, 207,839 of tobacco, and 201,593 of wool. Building stone is abundant. The central branch of the Union Pacific railroad passes through the county. Capital, Atchison.
Atchison, a city of Kansas, capital of Atchison co., situated on the W. bank of the Missouri river, at the extreme point of the " Great Western Bend," about 25 m. above Leavenworth; pop. in 1870, 7,054. It is an important railway centre, being the terminus of four roads: the Central Branch of the Union Pacific; the Missouri Pacific; the Kansas City, St. Joseph, and Council Bluffs, connecting it with the Hannibal and St. Joseph; and the Atchison and Nebraska. The city contains 5 churches, 9 schools, 3 banks, 2 newspaper offices, a large furniture manufactory, flour mills, and planing mills. The central school building, just completed at a cost of $45,000, is one of the finest in the state.