Broglie, Or Broglia, the name of a family originally from Piedmont, established in France toward the middle of the 17th century. I. Francois Marie, born at Chieri, in Piedmont, in 1611. He entered the French service, in which he distinguished himself, was made governor of the Bastile, and died July 2,1656. II. Victor Maurice, count de, born about 1645, distinguished himself in the army, became marshal of France, and died August 4, 1727. HI. Francois Marie, the first duke de, born Jan. 11, 1671, died May 22,1745. He was a lieutenant general and marshal. In 1725 he was appointed minister to England, and negotiated the treaty between France, England, and Prussia. He afterward became distasteful to the ministers, and was banished to his estate at Broglie, where he died. IV. Victor Francois, second duke de, born Oct. 19, 1718, died at Minister in 1804. He was a lieutenant general during the seven years' war, routed the Prussians at the battle of Berghen, was created a prince of the German empire by Francis I., became marshal of France in 1759, and minister of war in 1789. In 1792 he led a body of French emigres in. the invasion of Champagne. V. Claude Victor, prince de, son of the preceding, born in Paris in 1757, guillotined June 27, 1794. He was elected deputy to the states general, gave evidence of liberal opinions, and was for a while president of the constituent assembly.
Subsequently he was brigadier general in the army on the Rhine. After the 10th of August, 1792, refusing to obey the decree of the legislative assembly suspending the power of the king, he *was removed, and ultimately arraigned before the revolutionary tribunal, and executed. VI. Acnille Leonce Victor Charles, duke de, son of the preceding, born in Paris, Nov. 28, 1785, died there, Jan. 25, 1870. He gained the regard of Talleyrand, who in 1814 presented his name for appointment to the chamber of peers. During the hundred days he was elected an officer in the national guards. He married at Leghorn, Feb. 15, 1816, the daughter of Mme. de Stael. After the second restoration he resumed the title of duke, instead of that of prince, previously used in the elder branch of his family. At the trial of Marshal Ney he used every effort to save his life. In 1822 he denounced the slave trade; and after the revolution of 1830 he succeeded as minister in concluding a convention on the right of search, by which he hoped to suppress that traffic. He was appointed minister of public instruction and president of the council of state, in August, 1830, but soon disagreed with his colleagues and resigned.
On Oct. 11,1832, he reentered the cabinet as minister of foreign affairs, under Marshal Soult, with Guizot and Thiers as his colleagues. Having been defeated on a question of indemnity to the United States, he retired, April 4, 1834. In 1849 he was elected to the legislative assembly by the department of Eure, and figured among the leaders of the conservative party. In 1850 he visited Louis Philippe in England. He protested against the coup d'etat of Dec. 2, 1851, was for a short time under arrest, and afterward went to London. On his return to France in 1852, he refused to take the oath on the constitution, and tendered his resignation as a member of the council of the department of Eure. In 1856 he was made a member of the French academy, and in 1866 member of the academy of moral sciences. Three volumes of his Merits et Discours were published in Paris in 1863. VII. Albcrtine Ida Gustavine de Stae'l, duchess de, wife of the preceding, born in 1797, died in September, 1838. She was the only daughter of Mme. de Stael, and was educated under her influence. After her marriage in 1816 with the duke de Broglie, her house in Paris became a resort of the most distinguished society.
She was noted for her zeal as a Protestant, though her husband was a devout Roman Catholic. After the death of her brother, Auguste de Stael, in 1827, she prepared a complete edition of his Œuvres diverses (5 vols., Paris, 1829), with a notice containing interesting particulars of her mother's life. Her essays were collected after her death (Fragments sur divers sujets de religion et de morale, Paris, 1840); the most remarkable of these relate to the part assigned to women in philanthropical labors and in the improvement of public morals. VIII. Albert, duke de, son of the preceding, a French statesman and author, born June 13, 1821. He early acquired literary reputation by his contributions to the Revue des Deux Mondes, and was elected in 1862 a member of the academy, in place of Lacor-daire. His principal work, L'Eglise et VEmpire romain au IVe siecle (2 vols., 1856), passed through many editions. He published a French version of Leibnitz's Systeme religieux, and wrote Questions de religion et d histoire (2 vols., 1860), and various disquisitions, the principal feature of which was his attempt to reconcile the authority of the pope with modern views of progress.
Under M. Thiers's presidency he has been for a short time minister of foreign affairs and ambassador at London (1871-2). IX. Manrice Jean Madeleine, bishop of Ghent, born Sept. 5,1766, died in Paris, July 20,1821. In 1805 he was almoner to Napoleon, became bishop of Ghent in 1807, was imprisoned at Vincennes in 1811, and restored to the see of Ghent in 1814. Refusing to take the oath of allegiance to the king and constitution of the Netherlands, he was in 1817 exiled from that kingdom, and returned to France.