Claude Victor (Victor-Perrin), duke of Belluno, a French soldier, born at Lamarche, Lorraine, Dec. 7, 1764, died in Paris, March 1, 1841. He entered the army as a private in 1781, became a major in 1791, and was made brigadier general for his efficiency in the siege of Toulon, where he was twice wounded, but was not confirmed in that grade till 1795. In 1797 he was made general of division after brilliant services in Italy, where in 1800 he contributed largely to the victories of Montebello and Marengo. He was commander-in-chief of the Gallo-Batavian army in 1800-'2, was next appointed captain general of Louisiana, and in 1803 resumed the former office. In 1805 he went as minister to Copenhagen. In the following year he operated against the Prussians, into whose hands he fell while travelling in 1807, but was exchanged for Blücher. In the same year he was made marshal and duke after the battle of Friedland. In 1808 he was sent to Spain in command of the first corps, gained several victories and contributed chiefly to the capture of Madrid, shared in the defeat of Talavera, and in 1810 commenced the prolonged siege of Cadiz. In 1812 he served on the reserve in Russia, covering the retreat of the army across the Beresina. In 1813 he cooperated in the capture of Dresden and in the battles of Leipsio and Hanau. In March, 1814, he was severely wounded at Craonne. After the first restoration he adhered to the Bourbons, remained faithful during the hundred days, and was made a peer.
Placed at the head of an investigating committee, he showed great severity toward those of his former comrades who had gone over to Napoleon. He was minister of war from 1821 to 1823, when he accompanied the duke of Angoulême as major general to Spain, but was recalled on account of frauds for which he was partly held responsible. He was appointed ambassador to Austria, but that government declined to recognize him as duke of Belluno, and he spent the rest of his life in retirement.