Polydore Vergil, an English historian, born in Urbino, Italy, about 1470, died in his native country in 1555. Being in holy orders, he was sent to England in 1501 by Pope Alexander VI. as collector of the tax called Peter's pence, which office he was the last to hold. He was made rector of Church-Langton in Leicestershire, archdeacon of Wells (1507), and a prebendary successively in the cathedrals of Hereford and Lincoln, and in St. Paul's, London (1513). When he had been nearly 50 years in England, he returned to Italy with a present of 300 crowns, and leave to hold his archdeaconry of Wells and his prebend at Hereford during life. His principal work is his Historia Anglica (fol., 1534), a history of England from the earliest time to the end of the reign of Henry VII. Two portions of an old English version of it have been printed by the Camden society (4to, 1844-'6). He also published a collection of Adagia or proverbs (1498); a work De Rerum Inventoribus (1499; translation by John Langley, with W. A. Hammond's "Account of the Author and his Works,"Agathynian club, New York, 1868); three books of dialogues against divination, entitled De Prodigiis (Basel, 1531); and treatises De Patientia, De Vita Perfecta, and De Mendaciis. Some passages in his De Rerum Inventoribus were placed on the Index at Rome.