Rufus Wilmot Griswold, an American author, born in Benson, Rutland co., Vt., Feb. 15, 1815, died in New York, Aug. 27, 1857. A great part of his early life was spent in roaming about the world. He had learned the printing trade, which he followed for some time, and afterward studied divinity and became a Baptist preacher. He soon became associated in the editorship of literary periodicals in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, among which were the "New Yorker," " Brother Jonathan," and "New World." In 1841 he published a volume of poems and one of sermons, the former anonymously. In 1842 and 1843 he edited " Graham's Magazine " in Philadelphia, and in 1850 he projected the " International Magazine," published in New York, and edited by him till April, 1852. The works by which he is chiefly known are collections of specimens from American authors, accompanied by memoirs and critical remarks. The first of these was the " Poets and Poetry of America " (Philadelphia, 1842; 17th ed., 1856). It was followed by the "Prose Writers of America" (Philadelphia, 1846; 4th ed., 1856), and by the "Female Poets of America" (Philadelphia, 1849; 5th ed., 1857; new ed. by R. II. Stoddard, 1874). Mr. Griswold also edited the " Sacred Poets of England and America " (1849), and the " Poets and Poetry of England in the Nineteenth Century " (4th ed., 1854). His other principal publications are "Curiosities of American Literature," published as an appendix to Disraeli's " Curiosities of Literature;" two series of biographies, "Washington and the Generals of the American Revolution," in conjunction with W. G. Simms, E. D. Ingraham, and others (2 vols., 1847), and "Napoleon and the Marshals of the Empire," in conjunction with H. B. Wallace (2 vols.. 1847); and "The Republican Court, or American Society in the Days of Washington " (New York, 1854).