Samuel Horsley, an English prelate and scholar, born in St. Martin's-in-the-fields, London, in 1733, died in Brighton, Oct, 4, 1806. He was educated at Cambridge, took orders in 1759, and held successively several important livings. In 1788 he was made bishop of St. Davids, in 1793 of Rochester, and in 1802 of St. Asaph. For this rapid and unusual preferment he was in part indebted to his controversy with Dr. Priestley on the divinity of Christ, He published an edition of Apollonius Pergaeus (1770), and of the works of Newton (1779-'85). From 1773 he was for several years secretary of the royal society. Among his works are: "Critical Disquisitions on the 18th Chapter of Isaiah;" "Hosea, a New Translation, with Notes;" a translation of the Psalms; "Biblical Criticism;" elementary treatises on mathematics; essays on the prosodies of the Greek and Latin languages; and numerous papers in the " Philosophical Transactions." His theological works have been published in 6 vols. 8vo (London, 1845).