San Miguel De La Palma, an island of the Canary group, about 50 m. W. of Teneriffe; area, about 300 sq. m.; pop. about 34,000. It is traversed by two mountain masses, divided by a depression 4,600 ft. above the sea, and reaching at their highest points about 7,000 ft. In the most northerly summit, rather resembling a truncated cone, is a vast and deep crater called La Caldera, 4 1/2 m. wide, and encircled by precipices varying from 1,500 to 2,000 ft. in vertical height. The exterior of the cone is gullied by deep ravines, and the lower portions of the flanks, as in the other mountains of the island, are covered with forests offering large quantities of building and cabinet timber. Pines, palms, and chestnut trees are especially abundant. Besides the perennial stream from the Caldera, there are few watercourses in the island, and there is a scarcity of fresh water, though there are many mineral springs. The few valleys and the lower portions of the coast are very fertile, producing the vine, many varieties of fruits, and the cactus on which the cochineal insect feeds. The sugar cane thrives on the elevated plain of Los Llanos. Wheat and other cereals are imported. The climate is mild and equable.
The chief industries are the manufacture of ribbons, silk gloves, stockings, taffetas, and other tissues, and especially the fisheries on the coasts. The principal port is that of Santa Cruz, at the head of a fine bay on the E. side, with the best mooring ground in the Canaries. The exports amount to about $1,500,000 annually, mainly of cochineal of various grades.