Vossius, Or Voss, Gerard Johannes, a Dutch philologist, born near Heidelberg in 1577, died in Amsterdam, March 17, 1649. He studied at Dort and Leyden, and at the age of 22 was appointed master of the public school of Dort, in 1014 director of the theological college at Leyden, and in 1G18 professor of eloquence and chronology. Shortly afterward he was deprived of his professorship on the charge of Arininianism, founded upon his Historia de Controversies quas Pelagius ejusque Reliquioe moverunt (1618); but in 1621 the synod of Rotterdam restored him on condition that he should neither speak nor write against the synod of Dort. For some years he refused to comply with the condition, and in the mean time was prohibited from teaching. Archbishop Laud procured him a prebend in the cathedral of Canterbury, which he was permitted to hold as a sinecure till 1629, when he visited England and was installed. He returned to Holland soon after, and in 1633 became professor of history in a college then newly founded at Amsterdam. He wrote Ars Bhetorica (1623); Be Historicis Grcecis (1624); Be Historicis Latinis (1627); Aristarchus, sive de Arte Grammatical (1635); Be Theologia Gentili (1642); Be Rlietorices Natura et Constitutione (1647); and various other treatises on history, poetry, rhetoric, logic, and the mathematical sciences.
His collected works are in 6 vols. fol. (Amsterdam, 1695-1701).
A Dutch Author Isaae, son of the preceding, born in Leyden in 1618, died at Windsor castle, England, Feb. 21, 1689. After his studies with his father were completed he visited Italy, France, and England, and in 1648 was invited to Sweden by Queen Christina. A misunderstanding with Salmasius exposed him to the queen's displeasure, and he returned home in 1658. He was requested by the states of Holland to write a history of the war between England and Holland, but refused; upon which he was deprived of his pension, and in 1670 went to England. At Oxford he was made a doctor of laws, and Charles II. made him a canon of Windsor in 1673. Among his best known works are his Be Poematum Cantu et Virions Rythmi (1673), Variarum Observationum Liber (1685), and editions of Catullus, Ignatius, and Pomponius Mela.