Autolycus. I. In Greek legend, a son of Mercury and Chione, father of Anticlea, and thus maternal grandfather of Ulysses, who spent part of his youth at his residence on Mt. Parnassus. He was renowned for his cunning as a robber and a liar, and possessed the power of metamorphosing both himself and the things stolen. But Sisyphus overmatched him in cunning; for Autolycus having stolen his sheep and transformed them, he identified them by marks which he had made under their feet and compelled him to restore them. II. A mathematician of Pitane in AEolis, lived about 350 B. C. His treatises on the "Motion of the Sphere " and on the "Risings and Settings of the Fixed Stars " are the oldest extant Greek works on mathematics. Three MSS. of each exist at Oxford, but no complete edition has been published. A Latin translation appeared at Rome in 1587-'8; and a full account of them is given by Delambre in his Histoire de Vastronomie ancienne.
Autos Persiis Flaccus, a Roman satirical poet, .born in Volateme, Etruria, in A. D. 34, died in 62. He belonged to the equestrian order, and went to Rome and studied with Lucan under the stoic philosopher Annaaus Cornutus. He was distinguished for his blameless morals and amiable character. His extant works consist of six satires, which comprise in all no more than 650 hexameters, and there is no proof that he ever wrote more. His style is obscure, and abounds in colloquialisms, far-fetched metaphors, and abrupt transitions. The best editions are those of Jahn (Leipsic, 1868) and'of B. L. Gildersleeve (New York, 1875). English translations have been made by Holyday, Dryden, Brewster, Sir William Drummond, and Gifford (the last published, together with a literal prose version by the Rev. L. Evans, in Bohn's " Classical Library "), and Conington (posthumous, 1872).
Auumn (Lat. autumnus), the third season of the year. In the northern temperate zone it begins when the sun in its apparent descent to the southern hemisphere crosses the equatorial line, and ends at the period of the sun's greatest southern declination, or when he enters Capricorn. This astronomical autumn begins about Sept. 23, and lasts till about Dec. 21. But in popular language in the United States autumn comprises the months of September, October, and November; in England, August, September, and October. In the southern hemisphere, the autumn takes place at the time of our spring.
Aux Cayes. See Aux Cayes.
Aux Cayes, Or Les Cayes, a seaport town on the S. W. coast of Hayti, capital of a department, situated on the bay of Caves, in lat. 18° 11' N., Ion. 73° 50' W., 92 m. W. S. W. of Port-au-Prince; pop. about 8,000, chiefly negroes and mulattoes. The exports embrace sugar, cotton, and coffee, and the trade is principally in the hands of British merchants. In the vicinity are many rum distilleries. A considerable smuggling trade is carried on with Jamaica. The hurricane of Aug. 12, 1831, destroyed part of the town, killing several thousand persons. The civil wars since 1868 have also proved injurious to Aux Cayes. The climate is unwholesome.