Bilious Fever

Bilious Fever, a term heretofore applied to cases of intermittent and remittent fever. Its use was based on the conjecture that the disease involved, as an essential pathological condition, a superabundance of bile. The name "bilious" has also been applied to many affections which, in like manner, were supposed to depend more or less on an excessive secretion of bile. At the present time the term, as applied either to diseases or symptoms of disease, is not much used by medical writers. It is, however, a popular term as applied to disorders of the digestive system. An acute form of dyspepsia is popularly known as a "bilious attack," and this name is not unfre-quently used by physicians. (See Stomach, DisEAses OF).

Bill Of Credit

Bill Of Credit, paper issued by the authority and upon the faith of the state, and designed to circulate as money. By the constitution of the United States the states are prohibited from issuing bills of credit; but it has been held that the bills of banking corporations chartered by the state do not come within the inhibition, even though the state may be owner in whole or in part of the stock.

Bill Of Exchange

Bill Of Exchange. See Exchange.

Bill Of Health

Bill Of Health. See Quarantine.

Bill Of Indictment

Bill Of Indictment. See Indictment.

Bill Of Sale

Bill Of Sale, an instrument in writing by which personal property is transferred. It is not necessary that it should be under seal, nor would a seal create any difference in the legal effect, other than that the seal imports a consideration. A bill of sale of a ship or vessel is a muniment of title of peculiar importance. In most countries it is either by custom or statute absolutely required. In this country every transfer of a registered ship must be accompanied by a bill of sale setting forth the certificate of registry.


Bilston, a market town of Staffordshire, England, 3 m. S. E. of Wolverhampton; pop. about 25,000. Tt is the centre of extensive coal mines, and of a large iron trade, the foun-deries being engaged in every kind of iron work, us well as in the manufacture of steel and japanned wares. In the vicinity is a remarkable quarry, the stone of which is manufactured into grindstones, whetstones, and millstones. At Bradley, an adjoining village, is a coal mine which has been on fire for about 80 years. A market hall has recently been erected. The "orphan cholera school,: was endowed in 1833, for the education of the children of victims of the cholera, which had carried off great numbers of the inhabitants in the previous year. Numerous canals facilitate transportation. It was at Bilston that James Watt first applied the steam blast to furnaces. The town is included in the parliamentary borough of Wolverhampton.


Bimim, an imaginary island of the Bahamas, said to contain the fountain of youth, in search of which Ponce de Leon set out from Porto Rico in March, 1512, on the expedition which resulted in the discovery of Florida.