Cures

Cures, in ancient geography, a town of the Sabines, 25 m. N. E. of Rome, and 3 m. from the left bank of the Tiber. In the time of Romulus, according to tradition, the people of Cures were united with the inhabitants of Rome, whence the latter were afterward designated Quirites. Tatius, the colleague of Romulus, and Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome, were both natives of Cures. The city fell into decay at a very early period, was revived by Sulla, and was at last destroyed by the Lombards in the 6th century. The modern village of Correse occupies its site.

Curetes

Curetes, priests and ministers of Cybele or Rhea. The rites and orgies with which they celebrated the worship of their deity were almost identical with those of the Corybantes.

Curfew

Curfew, the evening bell (spelled also cur-feu, carfou, and courfeu, a corruption of Fr. couvre-feu), so called from ringing of the bell at evening having formerly been the signal to extinguish fire on the hearth and remain within doors. The practice was common in the middle ages. Polydore Vergil states that William the Conqueror introduced it into England as a measure of police. The obligation of extinguishing fire and light on the ringing of the curfew was abolished in England by Henry I. in 1100, but the evening bell itself was continued. We find entries in the municipal records of "ryngyng ye curfewe," "a man to ring the curfew," "new rope for the curfew bell," and so on, as late as the beginning of the 16th century. The evening bell and prayer bell, still tolled at stated hours in some places, had their origin in the couvre-feu.

Curiatil

See Horath.

Curiie

Curiie, the name of certain divisions of the people of ancient Rome. Romulus divided the whole population into three tribes, and each tribe into ten curiae. Although there were afterward 35 tribes, the number of curiae remained always the same. At first they possessed considerable political importance, but from the time when Servius Tullius instituted the centuries their influence became slight. The place where a curia met, as well as the meeting place of the senate, was also called curia. In the Roman provincial cities, the name was applied to the body which administered the affairs of the town, and was responsible to the Roman government for the taxes. In the middle ages the name was also given to a solemn assembly of the counts and prelates of the empire. It is also applied, though rather figuratively, to the highest sphere of the papal government.

Curius Dentatus

See Dentatus.

Curl Peter Thunberg

Curl Peter Thunberg, a Swedish botanist, born in Jonkoping, Nov. 11, 1743, died in Up-sal, Aug. 8, 1828. He studied under Linnaeus at Upsal, became surgeon in a Dutch ship in 1771, passed three winters at the cape of Good Hope, and between 1773 and 1779 resided principally in Java and Japan. He returned to Sweden in 1779, and was appointed in 1784 professor in the chair formerly occupied by Linnaeus, which he retained until his death. His works include Flora Japonica, etc. (Leip-sic, 1784); a general account of his travels under the title of Resa uti Europa, Africa, Asia (4 vols., Upsal. 1788-'91), which was translated into German, English, and French; Prodromus Plantarum Capensium (1794-1800); Icones Plantarum Japonicarum (1794-1805); Flora Capensis (1807-'13); and nearly 100 academical dissertations.