Edonard Claparede

Edonard Claparede, a Swiss naturalist, born in 1832, died in 1871. He studied medicine and the natural sciences, and became professor of comparative anatomy at the academy of Geneva. His works include De la formation et de la fecondation des oeufs chez les vers nematodes (Geneva, 1858); Etudes sur les infusoires et les rhizopodes (2 vols., 1858-'60); Becherches anatomiques sur les anne-lides turbellaries, opalines et gregarines, observes dans les Hebrides (1861); Sur les oli-gochetes (1862); Recherches sur l'evolution des araignees (1862); Etudes sur la circulation du sang chez les aranees du genre lycose (1863); and Glanures zootomiques parmi les annelides de Port- Vendres (1864).

Edonard Pailleron

Edonard Pailleron, a French dramatist, born in Paris in 1834. He began life as clerk of a notary, and published in 1860 a volume of satirical poetry and a play. Among his most successful subsequent productions are: Le dernier quarticr, produced at the Theatre Francais in 1863; Le second monument, at the Odéon in 1865; Le monde, où l'on s'amuse, at the Gymnase in 1868; and Les faux menages, his best comedy, 1869.

Edouard De Biefve

Edouard de Biefve, a Belgian painter, born in Brussels, Dec. 4. 1808. He studied in Paris under David d'Angers, and on his return to Belgium excelled by his historical pictures and portraits. His "Compromise of the Brussels Nobles of Feb. 16, 1566," executed by order of his government, was much admired at the Paris exhibition of 1855, and is in the museum of Brussels. For the king of Prussia he painted "The Knights of the Teutonic Order recognizing the Elector of Brandenburg as their Grand Master." Among his other works are "The Introduction of Rubens to Charles V.," "Masaniello," "Ugolino," and "Raphael and LaFornarina."

Edouard Richer

Edouard Richer, a French author, born in Noirmoutiers, department of Vendee, June 12, 1792, died in Nantes, Jan. 21, 1834. His father fell in battle with the Austrians in 1793. The national convention by a special decree adopted him, but from delicate health he did not follow his father's profession. He published in 1816 a poem entitled Victor et Amélie, and in 1821 a history of Brittany. He became a convert to the doctrines of Swedenborg, and wrote La religion du bon sens, La clefdu mys-tère, etc. A collection of his Swedenborgian writings appeared at Nantes in 8 vols. (1832-'6), and his literary remains were edited in 1836, with a biography, by Émile Souvestre.


Edred, a king of the Anglo-Saxons, son of Edward the Elder, successor of his brother Edmund I., ascended the throne in 946, and died Nov. 23, 955. The two sons of Edmund being children, Edred in an assembly of the prelates and thanes was chosen king, and consecrated, in the style of his charters, to the " government of the Anglo-Saxons, Northumbrians, pagans, and Britons." Though afflicted with a lingering disease, he marched into Northumbria and quelled the turbulent Danes. In this reign St. Dunstan rose to power, and important ecclesiastical and monastic reforms were undertaken. His nephew Edwy succeeded him.