Henry Martyn

Henry Martyn, an English missionary, born in Truro in 1781, died in Tokat. Asia Minor, Oct. 16, 1812. He was educated at St. John's college,' Cambridge, where he obtained a fellowship in 1802. In 1803 he entered the ministry, and in 1805, set sail for India under the auspices of the African and eastern missionary society. He resided at Bengal as chaplain, and travelled for several years in India and Persia, preaching and studying the native languages. He was chosen to superintend the translation of the New Testament undertaken by direction of the missionary society into Hindostanee and Persian. He had also made some progress in an Arabic version when his failing health compelled him to suspend his labors. His life was written by the Rev. John Sargent (1819).

Henry Maudsley

Henry Maudsley, an English physiologist, born near Settle, Yorkshire, in 1835. He studied medicine at University college, London, and received the degree of M. D. in 1856. He became resident phvsician of the Manchester lunatic hospital in 1859, which post he retained till 1862, when he commenced a consulting practice in London. He is now (1875) professor of medical jurisprudence in University college, consulting physician to the West London hospital, and editor of the "Journal of Medical Science." His principal works are: "Physiology and Pathology of Mind " (London. 1867); "The Gulstonian Lectures on Body and Mind " (London, 1870); and "Responsibility in Mental Disease," written for the " International Scientific Series" (London and New York, 1874;.

Henry Moseley

Henry Moseley, an English scientific writer, born about 1802, died Jan. 20, 1872. He took his degree at St. John's college, Cambridge, in 1826, took orders, and for several years he was professor of natural philosophy and astronomy in King's college, London. He was one of the first of the clergy to officiate as inspector of schools, and his services to education led to his being made in 1853 canon of Bristol cathedral. He afterward became vicar of Olveston, and in 1855 chaplain to the queen, lb- published several scientific works, the best known of which are "Treatise on Mechanics applied to the Arts" (London, 1847), and "Mechanical Principles of Engineering and Architecture" (1855).

Henry Murger

Henry Murger, a French author, born in Paris in 1822, died there, Jan. 28, 1861. He had only limited opportunities of education, and became a lawyer's clerk, and afterward secretary of Count Tolstoi, a Russian resident of Paris. He wrote in prose and verse, and led a precarious life as a journalist and litterateur till 1848, when his Scenes de la vie de Boheme, describing his own experiences, made him famous. He dramatized it in 1851, with Théodore Barriere, with considerable success. Among his subsequent works are poems, plays, novels, and new series of his sketches of "Bohemian" life in Paris, including Le pays latin, scenes de la vie d'étudiant (1852).