Hermann Samuel Reimarus, a German scholar, born in Hamburg, Dec. 22, 1694, died there, March 1, 1768. He was educated at Jena and at Wittenberg, made a journey through Belgium and a great part of England in 1720, became rector in Wismar in 1723, and in 1727 received the professorship of Hebrew in the gymnasium of Hamburg, afterward united with that of mathematics, which he held till his death. He married in 1728 the daughter of J. A. Fabri-cius, and was the author of the celebrated "Wolfenbüttel Fragments," published by Les-sing in 1774-'8. These productions, which challenge the supernatural origin of Christianity, had been imparted by Reimarus only to his intimate friends; and Lessing, who had obtained a copy, edited them as manuscripts belonging to the Wolfenbüttel library.
Hermann Sauppe, a German philologist, born at Wesenstein, Saxony, Dec. 9, 1809. He studied in the universities of Leipsic and Zürich, and became professor in the latter in 1838. In 1845 he went to Weimar as director of the gymnasium, and in 1856 to Göttingen as professor of philology. He has edited many classical works, and in conjunction with Haupt a collection of Latin and Greek authors with German notes. He also edited Don Carlos in the great edition of Schiller (1867 et seq.).
Hermes ,.See Mercury.
Hermit ,.See Anchoret.
Hermitage Wine ,.See France, Wines of.
Hermon , a mountain, or rather a range of heights, on the northern border of Palestine, often spoken of in the Bible, forming the S. W. part of the Anti-Libanus. (See Anti-Libanus.) The Psalms speak of the "dew of Hermon;" and travellers tell us that this is so abundant that their tents are wet with it, as if by a steady rain. Moses applies to this range the names both of Hermon and Sion, mentioning also its Emoritic name Senir, and the Sidonian Sirion.
Hernando , a W. county of Florida, bordering on the gulf of Mexico, and bounded N. and E. by the Withlacoochee river; area, 1,980 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,938, of whom 854 were colored. The surface is low and level, and mostly occupied by pine forests and swamps; the soil is sandy. The chief productions in 1870 were 41,354 bushels of Indian corn, 1G,680 of sweet potatoes, 182 bales of cotton, 23 hogsheads of sugar, 6,356 gallons of molasses, and 34,682 lbs. of rice. There were 427 horses, 2,894 milch cows, 10,993 other cattle, and 5,711 swine. Capital, Brooksville.
Hernici , an ancient people of central Italy, often mentioned in the early history of Rome. They were of the Sabine race, and inhabited the Apennines of Latium between Lacus Fu-cinus (now Lake Celano) and the Trerus (Sac-co), a tributary of the Liris (Garigliano). Their name is supposed to have signified "mountaineers." Their nearest neighbors were the Mar-si, AEqui, and Volsci, whom they equalled in bravery, and like whom they obstinately resisted the growing power of Rome. In 486 B. C, however, they became the allies of the Romans, and 180 years later they were finally subdued by them. Anagnia (Anagni) was the chief town in their territory.