Hermann Busembaum, a German theologian, born at Nottelen, Westphalia, in 1600, died in Miinster, Jan. 31, 1668. He was rector of the Jesuit college at Miinster, and in his Medulla Theologim Moralis, which passed through 50 editions (new ed., 2 vols., Louvain, 1848), he carried the doctrine of the temporal supremacy of the popes to such a height, that the secular tribunals in almost every European state were unanimous in pronouncing condemnation on his work, and committing it to the flames.
Hermann Goldschmidt, a German painter and astronomer, of Jewish descent, born in Frankfort, June 17, 1802, died at Fontaine-bleau, Sept. 11, 1866. He studied painting at Munich under Schnorr and Cornelius, and in 1836 established himself in Paris. Among his paintings are the "Cumaean Sibyl" (1844), an "Offering to Venus" (1845), "Cleopatra" and a "View of Rome" (1849), and the "Death of Romeo and Juliet" (1857). He began to devote himself to astronomy in 1847, and discovered 14 asteroids between 1852 and 1861. He also pointed out more than 10,000 stars that were wanting in the maps of the academy at Berlin, and in 1863 announced that he had observed six satellites or companion stars to Sirius, one of which had been discovered in the previous year by Alvan Clark of Cambridge, Mass. He made his discoveries with an ordinary spyglass from his studio in an attic. The academy of sciences bestowed on him its grand astronomical prize.
Hermann Lebert, a German physician, born in Breslau, June 9,1813. He studied in Berlin and graduated at Zurich in 1834. Subsequently he attended the clinics in Paris, practising his profession in Switzerland during the summer. Orfila employed him in collecting materials for the museum of comparative anatomy. After having perfected his knowledge of surgery under Dieffenbach in Berlin (1846-7), he resumed his residence in Paris. He became professor at Zurich in 1853, and at Breslau in 1859, retiring in 1874. His principal work is Traite d'anatomie pathologique generate et speciale (2 vols., Paris, 1855-'60, with 2 vols, of illustrations). Among his numerous other writings in French and German are Recherches cliniques, experimentales et microscopiques sur l'inflammation, etc. (2 vols., Paris, 1845), and Klinikder Brustkranlcheiten (2 vols., Tubingen, 1874).
Hermann Olshaisen, a German theologian, born at Oldeslohe, Holstein, Aug. 21, 1796, died in Eriangen, Sept. 4, 1839. He studied theology at Kiel and Berlin, and in 1818 became private tutor in the latter place, in 1821 extraordinary professor in Konigsberg, and in 1827 ordinary professor of theology. He was ordinary professor at Eriangen from 1834 till his death. He devoted his attention chiefly to the exegesis of the New Testament. His Bi-blischer Commentar i'der stimmtliche Schriften des Neuen Testaments (vols, i.-iv., 1830-'40; vols, v.-viii., by Ebrard and Wiesinger, 1850-'53), the most celebrated of his works, was translated into English for Clark's "Foreign and Theological Library;" and an American reprint, revised after the fourth German edition by Prof. A. C. Kendrick of Rochester university, was published in 1856-'8 ("Biblical Commentary on the New Testament," (i vols. 8vo, New York).