Itasca, a N. county of Minnesota, bounded N. by Rainy lake and Rainy Lake river, separating it from British America, and drained by several tributaries of that stream, and by the Mississippi; area, about 9,600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 96. Its surface is uneven and diversified by many small lakes.


Itawamba, a N. E. county of Mississippi, bordering on Alabama, and drained by Tom-bigbee river; area, about 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 7,812, of whom 986 were colored. It has a level or undulating surface, almost without timber. The soil is a dark, rich loam, containing much lime. The chief productions in 1870 were 7,053 bushels of wheat, 122,363 of Indian corn, 24,942 of sweet potatoes, and 1,865 bales of cotton. There were 1,420 horses, 2,235 milch cows, 3,915 other cattle, 6,130 sheep, and 9,734 swine. Capital, Fulton.

Ivan Petroviteli Martos

Ivan Petroviteli Martos, a Russian sculptor, born about 1755, died in St. Petersburg, April 17, 1835. He studied in Rome at the expense of the empress Maria Fedorovna, and became director of the academy of line arts in St. Petersburg. Among his chief works are the colossal bronze statues of Minin and Pozharsky at Moscow, the monument to the emperor Alexander at Taganrog, and that of Potemkin at Kherson.

Ivan Turgeneff

Ivan Turgeneff, a Russian novelist, born in Orel in November, 1818. He studied in Moscow, St. Petersburg, and Berlin, and in 1843 received a clerkship in the ministry of the interior. He was subsequently banished to the provinces on account of his liberal sentiments, and after several years was allowed to return to the capital; but he has since chiefly resided in Paris and Baden. He first made himself known by several works of poetry (1843-4), but achieved much greater success by his " Memoirs of a Sportsman," an exquisite humorous picture of Russian rural life (2 vols., 1852), and subsequently by his "Fathers and Sons" (1862), "Smoke" (1867), and other novels. Most of his works, some of which he wrote in French, have been translated into English, German, and other languages. Among them are "Liza," " On the Eve," "Dmitri Rudin," "Journal of a Useless Man," and "A Lear of the Steppe".

Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast, a part of the coast of Upper Guinea, "W. Africa, between the Grain coast and the Gold coast, extending from Cape Pal-mas to the Assinie river. The coast is low, marshy, and unhealthy, but the country back of it rises into table lands of vast extent and great fertility. It is drained by a few small rivers, the principal of which are the Lahu, Tabetah, and Cavally. There are a number of small native towns on the coast, among which are Grand Lahu, Jack Lahu, Jack-Jack, and Grand Ivorytown, which has a considerable trade in gold dust, palm oil, and ivory. The French trading station of Grand Bassam has been abandoned since 1870.


Ivrea (anc. Eporedia), a town of Italy, in the province and 30 m. N. N. E. of the city of Turin; pop. about 10,000. It is walled and fortified, and beautifully situated at the foot of the Alps, at the entrance of the Val d'Aosta, and on the river Dora Baltea, on the opposite side of which is one of the two suburbs. The Gothic cathedral is believed to occupy the site of a temple of Apollo, and several of the parish churches are very old. It is the see of a bishop, and contains an episcopal seminary and various schools. Woollens, cottons, silks, vermicelli, and other articles are manufactured, and there are dye and tile works. - Eporedia was a considerable town of Cisalpine Gaul, and the strength of its strategical position, commanding two great passes of the Alps, gave it importance. Ivrea was a marquisate under Charlemagne, which in the 13th century was united with Savoy.